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- A Issued By Christchurch, New Zealand
Token - 1 Penny, T.W. Courlay & Co, Ironmongers, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1864 Reg. No: NU 3755
- Copper One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British mint. Issued by T.W. Courlay & Co, Ironmongers, Christchurch, circa 1864. This firm traded briefly in Christchurch, probably from 1862 to 1865. The earliest record of the company was from the 22 October 1862 edition of the local paper the Christchurch Press, which announced that the store would be opening on 15th of September; presumably this advertisement had been running for more than a month by the time the October edition was printed. The store was known as Economy House, and was located in Ferry Road, Christchurch. In 1864 part of Ferry Road was renamed High Street, making it likely that the tokens were issued around this date. The business was listed in local directories until 1865.
- A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: T.W. Gourlay & Co. Economy House High Street Christchurch, ironmongers. The obverse features a cast iron fireplace and the reverse a two-man timber saw.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||34 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||13.393 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||agricultural hand tools, furniture, ironmongers, nz.chch, christchurch|
|Themes this item is part of:||T.W. Gourlay & Co., Ironmongers, Christchurch, New Zealand, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||New Zealand|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|DateEra:||circa 1860 AD|
|Obverse Description:||At centre a cast-iron fireplace, above, T.W. COURLAY & Co. / IMPORTERS / OF below, AND / KITCHENERS / CHRISTCHURCH|
|Reverse Description:||At centre a two-man timber saw, above, ECONOMY HOUSE / BUILDERS / & / FURNISHING below, IRONMONGERS / HIGH STREET|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: T.W. COURLAY & Co. IMPORTERS OF AND KITCHENERS CHRISTCHURCH
Reverse: ECONOMY HOUSE BUILDERS & FURNISHING IRONMONGERS HIGH STREET
|Issued By:||T.W. Courlay & Co. Ironmongers, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, circa 1860|
|Previous Collection:||Mr Alfred Chitty|
-The Canterbury Branch of the Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand. They Made their Own Money: The Story of Early Canterbury Traders & their Tokens. 1950: pp. 23-25.
The mint which produced the Gourlay tokens is unknown but employed one obverse and two reverse dies for their manufacture. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system. The reverse dies can be identified as follows:
Reverse Saw Handles Centering bead teeth on saw
1 3.0 mm none 24
2 2.5 mm above saw 22
The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1 (this token), A/2