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Token - 1 Penny, Thomas Stokes, Diesinker, Token Maker & Medallist, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Reg. No: NU 4417
- Copper one Penny token, minted by Thomas Stokes of Melbourne, circa 1862. Issued by Thomas Stokes, Diesinker, Token Maker & Medallist, Melbourne. This token is one of the large number of anonymous tokens struck by Stokes late in 1862. Anonymous issues were manufactured employing two stock dies. Thomas Stokes migrated to Australia in search of gold in the 1850s, being unsuccessful he returned to his trade as a die-maker and button maker. In 1857 Stokes acquired a press from W.J. Taylor and began to mint large numbers of tradesmen's tokens. He also commenced the Australian Medallic Issues. In 1873 Stokes took a partner, Martin, and the business was re-named Stokes & Martin. In 1893 a disastrous fire damaged a large portion of the business, Martin had forgotten to renew the fire insurance policy, and the partnership was dissolved as a result. Stokes rebuilt the business as Stokes & Son. The business became a proprietary concern in 1911, re-named Stokes & Son Pty Ltd. In 1935 the business moved to Brunswick, and in 1962 Stokes became a public company, renamed Stokes (Australasia) Pty Ltd. Today the business is located in Ringwood.
Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria by exchange with Melbourne Mint
- A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving no details of an issuer. The obverse (so called as all 'anonymous' issues by Stokes have a version of it) is a stock Vine: at centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. The reverse is from a stock wheat sheaf die: at centre a wheat sheaf tied with a cord, above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1862. This token has been cleaned.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||34 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||14.541 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||wholesale trade|
|Themes this item is part of:||Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Thomas Stokes, Token & Medal Maker (1831-1910), Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|Obverse Description:||At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large and five small leaves and two bunches of grapes; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 111 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 7 = Heyde Vine 8 = Andrews 9.|
|Reverse Description:||At centre a wheat sheaf tied with a cord 5.7 mm long, above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1862 border of 113 beads. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Andrews type 22 = Heyde Sheaf 2 = Sharples Sheaf 2.|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS
Reverse: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862
|Issued By:||Thomas Stokes, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Mint:||Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862|
|Previous Collection:||Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch|
|Previous Collection:||National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, circa 1919-1976
Acquired by National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) by exchange with the Royal Melbourne Mint.
Stokes products which do not carry the name of an issuer but only reference to Stokes itself, are divided into four series:
Series 1: has the wording T. STOKES or THOMAS STOKES MAKER MELBOURNE around the address in three lines 100 COLLINS ST. EAST plus one die where the central wording is ONE PENNY TOKEN in two lines.
Series 2: has a description of the types of product, eg. BUTTON CHECK & TOKEN MAKER, around the name and address of the company, T. STOKES 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. All but one die in this series has a line circle between the name and address and the products.
Series 3: employs Stokes stock reverse dies for both sides of the token. In all cases one side has a Vine type, this is therefore called the obverse.
Series 4: has an obverse legend in eight lines with the first, T. STOKES, and last, MELBOURNE, curved.
This token belongs to Series 3 , the anonymous stock die issues. The following thirteen die combinations have been recorded as original, 1862, products:
Vine 4 / Arms 7 Vine 5 / Arms 5 Vine 6 / Arms 5 Vine 7 / Arms 6
Vine 4 / Arms 6 Vine 6 / Arms 6
Vine 4 / Sheaf 1 Vine 7 / Sheaf 1 Vine 8 / Sheaf 1
Vine 5 / Sheaf 2 Vine 7 / Sheaf 2
Vine 6 / Emu 3 Vine 9 / Emu 3
See Sharples JNAA, Vol 7 pp 5 - 10 & 62 - 63
This item is part of the following themes:
- Numismatics & Philately Collection
- Working Life & Trades Collection
- Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria
- Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales
- Thomas Stokes, Token & Medal Maker (1831-1910)
- Branch Mints of the Royal Mint
- Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint
- Closure of Melbourne Mint
- Melbourne Mint during World War II
- Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872
- Melbourne Mint