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Token - 1 Penny, Edward De Carle & Co, Auctioneers, &c., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1855 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3682

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmingham. Issued by E. De Carle & Co, Grocers & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, in 1855. De Carle arrived in Australia in 1849. Over the following fourteen years he was involved in a wide range of business ventures in Melbourne, taking advantage of the explosive growth caused by the gold rush. He later moved to New Zealand, where he died. De Carle's three different tokens, which featured his business as 'Grocers and Spirit Merchants,' 'Auctioneers and Land Agents' and 'Auctioneers, etc.,' indicated the range of his business activities and speculation. He was also involved in the urbanisation of Footscray and a section of Brunswick. De Carle operated his businesses with a number of partners, in a network of business dealings.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Edwd. DeCarle & Co, auctioneers Melbourne. The reverse features a female figure, representing Tasmania, seated left on shield decorated with Union Jack, in her right hand she extends a balanced set of scales and in her left she rests a sword with point against the ground, around, + TASMANIA + ANNO 1855 .
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.054 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: auctioneers, gold
Themes this item is part of: E. De Carle & Co., Merchants, Auctioneers & Land Agents, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Eugene von Guerard, Artist (1811-1901), Eugene von Guerard Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1855 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Within a border of 146 beads in four lines the first and last curved, EDWD. DE'CARLE & CO. / AUCTIONEERS / &c. / MELBOURNE
Reverse Description: At centre, a female figure seated left on shield decorated with Union Jack, in her right hand she extends a balanced set of scales and in her left she rests a sword with point against the ground, around, + TASMANIA + ANNO 1855
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: EDWD. DE'CARLE & CO. AUCTIONEERS &c. MELBOURNE
Reverse: TASMANIA ANNO 1855
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: E. De Carle & Co., Melbourne & Plenty, Victoria, Australia, 1855
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1855
Previous Collection: Eugene von Guerard, pre 1880
References: E. DeCarle & Co. arranged for three issues of trade token pennies. His first, as a grocer and spirit merchant (see NU 3679) was probably isssued in about 1853 - it was struck by Pope & Co with the same reverse die employed for the issue of I. Booth & Co (see NU 3569). His second issue was commissioned in 1855 from Heaton & Sons, Birmingham or W.J. Taylor of London featured a lion and seated Justice (NU 3677). His final issue, also of 1855 has a seated figure of Tasmania on the reverse although it was struck for him as a Melbourne auctioneer (this token). There is also a rare pattern for this final issue which featured a portrait of Lord Raglan (not held).
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 105
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 61
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 60

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