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Token - 1 Penny, Brookes, Ironmongers, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, circa 1855 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3574

Summary:
Copper one Penny Token, mint unknown. Issued by Brookes, Ironmongers, Brisbane, Queensland, circa 1855. The first Brookes token issues had identicle designs on both sides so that the term obverse and reverse cannot be applied. There were three issues struck by an uncertain but probably local mint. The first employed ornamental letters for the words IRONMONGERS and BRISBANE, later dies were made with plain letters. It is likley that the firm W. & B. Brookes, Ironmongers of Brisbane is the same company, that ordered tokens from the Birmingham firm Heaton and Sons, in 1863.
Description:
A round copper token (35 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: Brookes, Brisbane, Ironmonger on both sides.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 35 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 20.097 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.& B. Brookes, Ironmongers, Queensland, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Queensland
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1855 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: IRONMONGERS / BROOKS / BRISBANE the first and last lines being curved and the letters ornate
Reverse Description: IRONMONGERS / BROOKS / BRISBANE the first and last lines being curved and the letters ornate
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: IRONMONGERS BROOKS BRISBANE
Reverse: IRONMONGERS BROOKS BRISBANE
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Brookes, Ironmongers, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, circa 1855
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: The first Brookes token issues had identicle designs on both sides so that the term obverse and reverse cannot be applied. There were three issues struck by an uncertain but probably local mint. The first employed ornamental letters for the words IRONMONGERS and BRISBANE (this type) later dies were made with plain letters. Three such plain lettering dies were manufactured, see NU 3576 and NU 3577 for the two combinations of these dies.

It is thought that the firm W. & B. Brookes, Ironmongers of Brisbane is the same company. In 1863 that company ordered tokens from the Birmingham firm Heaton and Sons, see 3578.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.48
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No.28

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