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Token - 1 Penny, George Nichols, Bookseller & Stationer, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4174

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by George Nichols, Bookseller & Stationer, Melbourne, 1862. George Nichols, bookseller, stationer and printer, appears in a Melbourne directory for the first time in 1855. In that year he took out a full page advertisement in Butterfield's 1855 Melbourne Directory, stating that 'G. Nichols Begs to inform his numerous friends and customers that he has REMOVED from the WESTERN MARKET to the very commodious premises adjoining the Clarendon Hotel, Great Collins Street, Directly opposite the Western Market, Where the chief requirements in the Business of a Bookseller and Stationer will constantly be in Stock, to supply the wants of his customers. G.N. relies confidently upon his reasonable charges and long experience in the trade, for obtaining an extension of support in his new premises. He respectfully solicits an inspection of his stock comprising amongst other goods, a large stock of the following, viz.:- Ledgers, Journals, Invoice books, Day Books, Cash Books, Letter Books, Papers?'

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token giving the name address and business of the issuer: George Nichols, opposite corner to Post Office Melbourne, bookseller and stationer. The reverse is a Stokes stock Arms.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.154 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: booksellers, retail trade, retailing, stationery
Themes this item is part of: George Nichols, Bookseller, Stationer & Printer, Melbourne, Victoria (1830s-?), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
On Display at: Melbourne Museum
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within line circle, GEORGE NICHOLS / OPPOSITE / CORNER / TO / POST / OFFICE ; around, BOOKSELLER & STATIONER : MELBOURNE :
Reverse Description: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is shaded with horizontal and vertical lines, hatched around the stars. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The T of T. STOKES above the first OL of COLLINS and the T EAST is below the MA of MAKER.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: GEORGE NICHOLS OPPOSITE CORNER TO POST OFFICE BOOK SELLER & STATIONER MELBOURNE Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: George Nichols, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Sharples JNAA.7 p. 52 in error, the reverse Arms 2 cracked above IA (this medal) not Arms 3 as stated (NU 4175).
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 404
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 195/2
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 118

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