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Token - 1 Penny, A. Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3658

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by A. Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, 1862. Archibald Davidson arrived in Melbourne from Girven, Ayrshire, Scotland, in October 1852. He obtained work at the Bank of Australasia in Geelong, but it is believed he then tried his luck on the goldfields. He returned to Melbourne some seven years later, first working as a bookkeeper for David Masterton & Co., before opening a Grocery and Spirit and Wine Merchant's store in Collins Street in 1860, which he ran until his retirement in 1874. After investing in the Great Extended Hustler's Reef mine at Bendigo in 1870, he made so much in dividends that he could afford to retire. Unfortunately he lost a substantial amount of his wealth in land speculation, even so, Davidson retired a wealthy man.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the issuer: A. Davidson, 112 Collins St. East - corner Russell St. Melbourne, grocer, wine and spirit merchant with a Stokes stock vine leaf reverse with
grape vine at centre with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.445 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, retail trade, retailing, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: Archibald Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within line circle A.DAVIDSON / 112 / COLLINS ST. EAST / CORNER / OF / RUSSELL ST. / MELBOURNE around outside line circle and within border of 111 beads, GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT :
Reverse Description: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS, Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: A.DAVIDSON 112 COLLINS ST. EAST CORNER OF RUSSELL ST. MELBOURNE GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS T. STOKES MAKER MEL
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: A Davidson - Grocer, wine & spirit merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: A. Davidson owned the hotel next door to Thomas Stokes' mint. He made two issues of penny tokens in 1862 employing the one obverse die but two versions of the Stokes stock vine reverse - Vine 3 (see NU 3657) and Vine 2 (this token). The obverse die was later employed (c. 1920) to make a new type for collectors with the reverse of Stokes stock Arms (see NU 3654) - this is stored with other late strikes by Stokes as it is not a Nineteenth Century trade token, nor an issue commissioned by Davidson.
The obverse die is in the museum collection (NU 35752)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 93
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 54/2
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 57

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