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Token - Threepence, James Campbell, General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales, Australia, 1853-1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3006

Summary:
Silver Cast Copy of a Threepence Token, minted by J. C. Thornthwaite, 1854. Issued by James Campbell, General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales. James Campbell arranged for a large supply of tokens, both penny and halfpenny denominations from Heaton and Son, Birmingham.

Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. Migrating to Sydney in 1949, his tokens are noteworthy for the lack of clarity of detail in design because the dies were not cut deep enough and he lacked the tools to produce high quality tokens. Thornthwaite also worked as a medallist, particularly after tokens were made illegal in NSW in 1868. Thornthwaite's most accomplished tokens were produced in silver. In 1854 he made a small number of three-penny silver tokens for James Campbell of Morpeth, New South Wales, which were 'larger and thicker than normal currency issued' and consequently 'represented about 33% more in metal content and thus value.'

Previous collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round silver token (16 mm dia) featuring the name and business name of the issuer, James Campbell General Stores of Morpeth. It features a floral bouquet of rose, thistle and shamrock. Holed through the A of CAMPBELL. This token has a die crack to E of MORPETH (obverse).
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 16 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 1.254 g (Weight)
Dimension Comment: Glue on obverse included in this weight.

More information

Tagged with: retailing, shops
Themes this item is part of: John Craven Thornthwaite, Token Maker & Medalist, Sydney, New South Wales (1820-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1853-1860 AD
Denomination: Threepence
Obverse Description: Curved around central image of rose, shamrock and thistle, JAMES CAMPBELL / GENERAL / STORES / . MORPETH . (die crack to E of MORPETH)
Reverse Description: At centre below a rising sun a large numeral 3; around, SILVER TOKEN
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: JAMES CAMPBELL GENERAL STORES MORPETH
Reverse: SILVER TOKEN 3
Shape: Round
Material: Silver
Issued By: James Campbell - General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales, Australia, 1853-1860

Probably issued about 1855
Mint: John Thornthwaite, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1853-1860
Artist: John Thornthwaite, New South Wales, Australia, 1852-1860
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 685
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 36

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