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Token - 1 Penny, James Campbell, General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales, Australia, 1850-1863 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 10818

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Son, Birmingham, England, circa 1858. Issued by James Campbell, General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales. James Campbell arranged for a large supply of tokens, both penny and halfpenny denominations from Heaton and Son, Birmingham.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm dia) featuring the name and business name of the issuer, James Campbell General Stores of Morpeth. It features a female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground among the fruit the letter G. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, AUSTRALIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token.

Two slightly different reverse dies were employed to strike the penny tokens. On this example the word AUSTRALIA is 23.3 mm long starting 7.5 mm above the sea. A line along the bottom of the scale pans would pass through the middle of the letter A.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.570 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: law justice, retailing, shops
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1850-1863 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: JAMES CAMPBELL / GENERAL STORES / . MORPETH . all lines are curved
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground among the fruit the letter G. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, AUSTRALIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: JAMES CAMPBELL GENERAL STORES MORPETH
Reverse: AUSTRALIA
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: James Campbell - General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales, Australia, 1850-1863
Mint: Heaton and Son, Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1854-1860
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Two slightly different reverse dies were employed to strike the penny tokens. On this example the word AUSTRALIA is 23.3 mm long starting 7.5 mm above the sea. A line along the bottom of the scale pans would pass through the middle of the letter A. For the other die see NU3595.

These die identifications form the basis of standard references and the museum's storage system.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 60
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 37/2

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