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Token - Halfpenny, Thrale & Cross, Family Grocers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1854 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4452

Summary:
Australia Victoria Melbourne
Thrale & Cross Token Halfpenny, c. 1854
Mint: Kangaroo Office
Previous Collections: George McArthur
Standard References: Andrews 584 = Heyde 253 = Sharples V.173
This was one of the earliest tokens manufactured in Melbourne at the Kangaroo Office mint. The Thrale & Cross obverse die (manufactured in Melbourne from a blank die brought from London) was used with two Kangaroo Office stock reverse dies (manufactured by Taylor in London and shipped to Australia on the Kangaroo) probably in late 1854 to manufacture trade token halfpenny pieces. Reginald Scaife, manager of the Kangaroo Office lived in North Melbourne, it is possible that Thrale & Cross was his personal family grocer. This token features the kangaroo reverse which notes the use of the Kangaroo Office coinuing press by W.J. Taylor at the London 1851 Exhibition.
Description:
A copper trade token halfpenny (28 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuer: Thrale & Cross, Howard St. North Melbourne, family grocer and egg powder store. This token is almost uncirculated. The reverse is a stock Kangaroo Office seated kangaroo with a legend referring to W.J.Taylor at the 1851 London Exhibition.
Statement Of Significance:
This was one of the earliest tokens manufactured in Melbourne at the Kangaroo Office mint. The Thrale & Cross obverse dire (manufactured in Melbourne from a blank die brought from London) was used with two Kangaroo Office stock reverse dies (manufactured by Taylor in London and shipped to Australia on the Kangaroo) probably in late 1854 to manufacture trade token halfpenny pieces. Reginald Scaife, manager of the Kangaroo Office lived in North Melbourne, it is possible that Thrale & Cross was his personal family grocer. This token features the kangaroo reverse which notes the use of the Kangaroo Office coinuing press by W.J. Taylor at the London 1851 Exhibition.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 28 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.181 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: egg powder, grocers
Themes this item is part of: Thrale & Cross, North Melbourne, Victoria, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Kangaroo Office Mint, Melbourne, Victoria, 1854-1857, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1854 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: The name, address and business of the firm in seven lines, the first and last curved to form a border: . THRALE & CROSS / FAMILY GROCER / & / EGG POWDER / STORE / HOWARD ST NORTH MELBOURNE .
Reverse Description: Kangaroo seated on tail in grassy field facing right, around above, MELBOURNE; in exergue in four lines W.J. TAYLOR MEDALLIST TO THE GREAT EXHIBITION 1851. The reverse die from which this token was struck had suffered rusting in the field in the field near the rim at 04.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: THRALE & CROSS FAMILY GROCER & EGG POWDER STORE HOWARD ST. NORTH MELBOURNE
Reverse: MELBOURNE W.J. TAYLOR MEDALLIST TO THE GREAT EXHIBITION 1851
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Thrale & Cross, North Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1854
Mint: Kangaroo Office (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1854
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Andrews 584 = Heyde 253 = Sharples V.173
Sharples, J., 'Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens,' Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia, Vol. 7, December 1993, p. 66.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77.

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