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Token - Halfpenny, Thrale & Cross, Family Grocers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1854 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4453

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny token minted by the Kangaroo Office, Melbourne. Issued by Thrale & Cross, Family Grocers, Melbourne, circa 1954. This was one of the earliest tokens manufactured in Melbourne at the Kangaroo Office mint. The Thrale & Cross obverse dire (manufactured in Melbourne from a blank die brought from London) was used with two Kangaroo Office stock reverse dies (manufactured by Taylor in London and shipped to Australia on the Kangaroo) probably in late 1854 to manufacture trade token halfpenny pieces. Reginald Scaife, manager of the Kangaroo Office lived in North Melbourne, it is possible that Thrale & Cross was his personal family grocer. This token features the seated Australia reverse.
Description:
A copper trade token halfpenny (28 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuer: Thrale & Cross, Howard St. North Melbourne, family grocer and egg powder store. This token is uncirculated with near full mint lustre. The reverse is a stock die featuring Australia seated on rock facing to left holding an olive branch extended in her right hand and resting a staff on her left forearm; above, AUSTRALIA.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 28 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 7.980 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: egg powder, grocers
Themes this item is part of: Kangaroo Office Mint, Melbourne, Victoria, 1854-1857, Thrale & Cross, North Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
On Display at: Melbourne Museum
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1854 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: The name, address and business of the firm in seven lines, the first and last curved to form a border: . THRALE & CROSS / FAMILY GROCER / & / EGG POWDER / STORE / HOWARD ST NORTH MELBOURNE .
Reverse Description: Australia seated on rock facing to left holding an olive branch extended in her right hand and resting a staff on her left forearm; above, AUSTRALIA.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: THRALE & CROSS FAMILY GROCER & EGG POWDER STORE HOWARD ST. NORTH MELBOURNE
Reverse: AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Thrale & Cross, North Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1854
Mint: Kangaroo Office (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1854
Previous Collection: Mr Curtis
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 585
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 254
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 174

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