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Token - 1 Penny, I. Friedman, Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1857 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3726

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by I. Friedman, Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania, in 1857. Isaac Friedman, was living in Hobart by 1840 and commenced business as a shopkeeper and general Pawnbroker in 1843. He had married Maria Nathan in 1842 and they had eight children, all born in the Hobart area, between 1842 and 1858. Friedman was a significant person in the Hobart Jewish community, in 1842, he kept a public house where the meeting was held that led to the construction of the Hobart Synagogue. His name is recorded on a tablet inside the Synagogue as one of the members of the Hobart Hebrew Congregation's committee in 1843.
Description:
A circular copper token (34 mm diameter) with the name, address and business of the issuer: I Friedman, Argyle Street Pawnbroker. The reverse features a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Above the figure is TASMANIA and in the exergue the date 1857.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.034 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: pawnbrokers, -1
Themes this item is part of: Isaac Friedman, Shop Keeper, Hobart, Tasmania (circa 1820-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Eugene von Guerard, Artist (1811-1901), Eugene von Guerard Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1857 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in three lines: I. FRIEDMAN / PAWNBROKER / ARGYLE STREET
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Around above, TASMANIA in exergue, 1857
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: I. FRIEDMAN PAWNBROKER ARGYLE STREET
Reverse: TASMANIA 1857
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: I. Friedman, Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1857
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1857
Previous Collection: Eugene von Guerard, pre 1880
References: Tasmanian Pioneer's Database, http://resources.archives.tas.gov.au/Pioneers/taslink3.asp?ID=132111
"Consecration of a Synagogue in Hobart Town, Van Diemen's Land" in The Occident and American Jewish Advocate, Volume 4, No. 1, Nisan 5606, April 1846,
Elias, P & A. (eds.) A few from afar : Jewish lives in Tasmania from 1804, 2003, pp. 30-31, 33, 38, 87.

Friedman had a large number of tokens manufactured in London in both penny and halfpenny denominations. To produce the penny pieces three obverse and two reverse dies were needed, while the halfpennies required three obverse dies but only the one reverse. Standard references and museum storage are based on the particular combination of obverse and reverse dies employed to manufacture the particular token. Indenification of the dies used is as follows:

Penny obverse dies
If the highest point of the last letter T of STREET is directly below the downstroke of the letter R it is obverse A
If it is below the middle of the letter R it is either obverse B or obverse C, measure the distance from the P of PAWNBROKER to the A of ARGYLE if it is 2.0 mm it is obverse B, if 1.5 mm it is obverse C.

Penny Reverse dies
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 133
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 76/1
  3. [Book], Roger McNeice, Coins and Tokens of Tasmania 1803-1910, p.75 Pages

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