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Token - 1 Penny, Stewart & Hemmant, Drapers, Brisbane & Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia, circa 1863 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4351

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J.Taylor, London. Issued by Stewart & Hemmant, Drapers, Brisbane & Rockhampton, circa 1863. William Hemmant and Alexander Stewart established their drapery business in Queen Street, Brisbane, in 1860. The store was burned to the ground in 1864, one of many businesses destroyed by a disastrous fire, although it was subsequently rebuilt. In Hemmant 1876 he moved to London to act as agent for the Brisbane drapery business. In 1862, Stewart and Hemmant opened a business in Rockhampton which was run by James Stewart, Alexander's twin brother. In 1868 James Stewart bought out Hemmant's interest in the business in 1868, and took Edward Seymour Lucas, his chief assistant since 1863, into partnership.
Description:
A round bronze token (30 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: Stewart & Hemmant, Criterion Brisbane, Drapers. This token has been cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 30 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 9.244 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: Stewart & Hemmant, Drapers, Brisbane, Queensland, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Queensland
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1863 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Across centre, CRITERION; curved above, STEWART & HEMMANT; curved below, BRISBANE border of 120 dots. Cleaned and varnished.
Reverse Description: Across centre, DRAPERS; curved above WHOLESALE; curved below, RETAIL border of 120 dots. Cleaned and varnished.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: STEWART & HEMMANT CRITERION BRISBANE
Reverse: DRAPERS WHOLESALE RETAIL
Shape: round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: Stewart and Hemmant, Drapers, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 1850-1865
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1850-1865
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Stewart & Hemmant had two issues of tokens, the first the size of the pre-1860 British copper penny and the second that of the post 1860 British bronze penny. This token belongs to the second issue.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 507
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 231

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