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Token - 1 Penny, T.H. Jones & Co, Ironmongers, Ipswich, Queensland, Australia, circa 1858 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11340

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmingham. Issued by T.H. Jones & Co, Ironmongers, Ipswich, Queensland, circa 1858. T.H. (Thomas Hayes) Jones & Co. took out a full page advertisement in Pugh's 1862 Queensland Almanac, describing the business as 'wholesale and retail ironmongers' and giving his address as Union Street, Ipswich. The following year Jones' advertisement notified the public that he had moved to Bell Street.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: T.H. Jones & Co. Ipswich Queensland, Ironmongers and General Importers. The reverse features Justice standing blindfolded facing to left extending right arm with balanced scales, inverted cornucopia from which fruit flows held in left (the letter G among the fruit); sailing ship on horizon at left of token.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.053 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, T.H. Jones & Co., Ironmongers, Ipswich, Queensland, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Queensland
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1858 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle, T.H.JONES / & Co. / IPSWICH / QUEENSLAND / AUSTRALIA; around, IRONMONGERS & GENERAL IMPORTERS +
Reverse Description: Justice standing blindfolded facing to left extending right arm with balanced scales, inverted cornucopia from which fruit flows held in left; above, AUSTRALIA; sailing ship on horizon at left of token
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: T.H. JONES & Co. IPSWICH QUEENSLAND AUSTRALIA IRONMONGERS & GENERAL IMPORTERS
Reverse: AUSTRALIA G
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Jones, T.H. & Co. Ironmongers, Ipswich, Queensland, Australia, 1850-1867
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Heaton and Sons employed three of their stock standing Justice reverse dies to strike the token issue for T.H. Jones & Co. of Ipswich, Queensland. Although the obverse die cracked slightly from the rim to the T of IMPORTERS early in producing the tokens it did not deteriorate to the point where it needed to be replaced. All tokens are struck with the same obverse (Obverse A). Standard references and the Museum storage are arranged by die combinations fornd on the tokens.

The three reverse dies can be identified by minor variations in spacing between the start and finish of the word AUSTRALIA and the horizon together with slaght changes in the relative position of the head of Justice in relation to the letters as follows:

Die 1st A to Horizon last A to horizon Head
1 6.9 mm 6.5 mm near R
2 6.8 mm 7.9 mm between RA
3 7.5 mm 9.4 mm near A

This token was struck with the die combination A/1 and has the obverse die crack to the T of IMPORTERS.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 305
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 137/1

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