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Token - 1 Penny, D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia, 1863 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11465

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, 1863. It is likely that Mulligan opened his 'Queensland Stores' in either 1862 or 1863, after the discovery of Copper and Gold at nearby Peak Downs. The Early History of Rockhampton includes the following comment about Mulligan and his tokens: 'Copper (coins) were even harder to get than Silver and several of the leading business people had copper tokens struck, which were accepted as pennies, while at the same time they served as advertisements. The late Mr D.J [sic] Mulligan circulated a large number of these tokens, which remained in use for ten or fifteen years.' Mulligan is said to have 'sold out to H.F. Walton, and retired to Ireland, where he died.' (Rockhampton City Council, personal correspondence).
Description:
A round bronze token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and address of the issuer: D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores Rockhampton. The reverse features a Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor. Below is the date 1863. This token has been damaged by burial.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 12.603 g (Weight)
Dimension Comment: corroded flan

More information

Themes this item is part of: D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, Queensland, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Queensland
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1863 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: QUEENSLAND STORES / ROCKHAMPTON / D.T.MULLIGAN
Reverse Description: At centre Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor.; above, QUEENSLAND; below, 1863
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: QUEENSLAND STORES ROCKHAMPTON D.T.MULLIGAN
Reverse: QUEENSLAND 1863 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: D Mulligan - Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia, 1863
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1863
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 392
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 189

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