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Token - Halfpenny, D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia, 1863 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4155

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, 1863. It is likely that Mulligan opened his 'Queensland Stores' in either 1862 or 1863, after the discovery of Copper and Gold at nearby Peak Downs. The Early History of Rockhampton includes the following comment about Mulligan and his tokens: 'Copper (coins) were even harder to get than Silver and several of the leading business people had copper tokens struck, which were accepted as pennies, while at the same time they served as advertisements. The late Mr D.J [sic] Mulligan circulated a large number of these tokens, which remained in use for ten or fifteen years.' Mulligan is said to have 'sold out to H.F. Walton, and retired to Ireland, where he died.' (Rockhampton City Council, personal correspondence).
Description:
A round bronze token (28 mm diameter). The token features the name and address of the issuer: D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores Rockhampton. The reverse features a Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor. Below is the date 1863. The reverse has die cracks, especially at the right side.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 28 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.258 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, Queensland, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Queensland
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1863 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: QUEENSLAND STORES / ROCKHAMPTON / D.T.MULLIGAN
There are many die cracks on the reverse especially on the right side.
Reverse Description: At centre Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor.; above, QUEENSLAND; below, 1863
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: QUEENSLAND STORES ROCKHAMPTON D.T.MULLIGAN
Reverse: QUEENSLAND 1863 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: D Mulligan - Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia, 1863
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1863
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: These tokens were manufactured in London by the firm of W.J. Taylor. He employed two slightly different obverse dies in manufacturing Mulligand halfpenny order. The standard references and the museum's storage system are based on the die combination employed to make a particular token. Only one reverse die has been noted, Reverse 1.
Obverse A has been allocated to Mulligan's penny issue. The halfpennies were struck with Obverse B (which broke over much of the working face) and obverse C. The two obverse dies can be difficult to tell apart if the die is not in a cracked state. If there are die cracks it is obverse B which also has the M of MULLIGAN was re-entered and the word ROCKHAMPTON 20.0 mm long, while on obverse C the M is not re-entered and ROCKHAMPTON is 20.7 mm long.

This token was struck with the die combination B/2
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 394
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 190/1

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