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Token - 1 Penny, Merry & Bush, General Merchants, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia, 1863 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4098

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by Merry & Bush, General Merchants, Toowoomba, Queensland, 1863. The Merry in this business is, however, thought to be the same as the principal of T.F. Merry & Co.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, business and Colony of the issuer: Merry & Bush, merchants and general importers, Queensland and on the reverse a Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun and supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.795 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: Merry & Bush General Merchants, Toowoomba, Queensland, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Eugene von Guerard, Artist (1811-1901), Eugene von Guerard Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Queensland
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1863 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Curved around centre, MERRY & BUSH / QUEENSLAND; around, MERCHANTS & GENERAL IMPORTERS . 1863 .
Reverse Description: At centre Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun and supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor. Above, PEACE & PLENTY
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: MERRY & BUSH QUEENSLAND MERCHANTS & GENERAL IMPORTERS 1863
Reverse: PEACE & PLENTY ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Merry & Bush General Merchants, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia, 1863
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1863
Previous Collection: Eugene von Guerard, pre 1880

Acquired by Eugene von Guerard from 'M'.
References: A second obverse die was described by Andrews (p. 71 No. 365) on which the first stroke of the M of MERRY is level with the first stroke of the H in MERCHANTS. Heyde follows this (p. 59 No. 168/1) but adds '?' to the description. This die is listed in the Chitty cataloge of the collection in 1926 as a 'Want'. It has not been confirmed to exist.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 364
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 168/2

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