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Token - 1 Penny, J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1861 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11174

Summary:
Bronze One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmignham. Issued by J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, 1861. John R. Grundy, arrived in Melbourne in January 1855. He opened a tobacconist's shop in 1856, in Ballarat, and was the principal tobacconist in the town. Gardner states that Grundy lost his shop in 1872 after speculating heavily. Afterwards he made his living by selling 'colonial cigars' in Melbourne and died in straightened circumstances in the early 1900s.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: J.R. Grundy Ballarat (in Ballaarat form) Merchant together with a tobacco plant The reverse features a Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.818 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: agriculture, retail trade, retailing, tobacco
Themes this item is part of: J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria (circa 1820s-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1861 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Tobacco plant; below in small letters, TOBACCO around, J.R. GRUNDY, MERCHANT, BALLAARAT . 1861 .
Reverse Description: Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor; around, INDUSTRIA ET FIDES OMNIA VINCENT . VICTORIA .
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: J.R. GRUNDY MERCHANT BALLAARAT 1861 TOBACCO
Reverse: INDUSTRIA ET FIDES OMNIA VINCENT VICTORIA ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: J Grundy - Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1861
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint)
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Grundy issued two quite different token designs dated 1861. The first (this token) depicted a tobacco plant growing from grassy ground combined with a Coat of Arms while the second (see NU 3768) depicted a cut stalk of flowering tobacco and a standing figure representing Justice.

This issue employed two slightly different reverse dies which can be differentiated by the spacing of the lettering around the rim - in particular the distance from the bead before the word VICTORIA and the V is 3.4 mm on Reverse 1 but only 2.1 mm on Reverse 2. A quick test for Reverse 2 is that the bead to the left of the V has been entered over a letter I.

This token was struck with Reverse 1
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 155
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 87/1
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 1

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