Token - 1 Penny, J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1861 Reg. No: NU 3767
- Bronze One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmignham. Issued by J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, 1861. John R. Grundy, arrived in Melbourne in January 1855. He opened a tobacconist's shop in 1856, in Ballarat, and was the principal tobacconist in the town. Gardner states that Grundy lost his shop in 1872 after speculating heavily. Afterwards he made his living by selling 'colonial cigars' in Melbourne and died in straightened circumstances in the early 1900s.
Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria by exchange with Melbourne Mint
- A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: J.R. Grundy Ballarat (in Ballaarat form) Merchant together with a tobacco plant The reverse features a Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||34 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||15.198 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||agriculture, retail trade, retailing, tobacco|
|Themes this item is part of:||J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria (circa 1820s-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|Obverse Description:||Tobacco plant; below in small letters, TOBACCO around, J.R. GRUNDY, MERCHANT, BALLAARAT . 1861 .|
|Reverse Description:||Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor; around, INDUSTRIA ET FIDES OMNIA VINCENT . VICTORIA .|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: J.R. GRUNDY MERCHANT BALLAARAT 1861 TOBACCO
Reverse: INDUSTRIA ET FIDES OMNIA VINCENT VICTORIA ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
|Issued By:||J Grundy - Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1861|
|Mint:||Heaton & Sons (Mint)|
|Previous Collection:||Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch|
|Previous Collection:||National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, circa 1919-1976
Acquired by National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) by exchange with the Royal Melbourne Mint.
Grundy issued two quite different token designs dated 1861. The first (this token) depicted a tobacco plant growing from grassy ground combined with a Coat of Arms while the second (see NU 3768) depicted a cut stalk of flowering tobacco and a standing figure representing Justice.
This issue employed two slightly different reverse dies which can be differentiated by the spacing of the lettering around the rim - in particular the distance from the bead before the word VICTORIA and the V is 3.4 mm on Reverse 1 but only 2.1 mm on Reverse 2. A quick test for Reverse 2 is that the bead to the left of the V has been entered over a letter I.
This token was struck with Reverse 2
This item is part of the following themes:
- J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria (circa 1820s-?)
- Numismatics & Philately Collection
- Sustainable Futures Collection
- Working Life & Trades Collection
- Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England
- Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria
- Branch Mints of the Royal Mint
- Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint
- Closure of Melbourne Mint
- Melbourne Mint during World War II
- Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872
- Melbourne Mint