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Token - 1 Penny, W.R. Watson & Co, Town Hall Hotel, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4504

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by W.R. Watson & Co, Town Hall Hotel, Ballarat, Victoria, 1862. W.R. Watson is listed as the owner of Town Hall Hotel, Armstrong Street in the 1865 Ballarat Directory. An advertisement in the Ballarat Evening Post, January 1864 read 'Town Hall Hotel, and Wine and Spirit Stores, Armstrong Street. The Cheapest House in Ballarat. Single Bottle Department. Brandy 5s-, Gin 4s, Rum 3s, Whiskey 3s. Per bottle. Every article sold as imported. W.R. Watson and Co. Proprietors'.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round bronze token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: W.R. Watson & Co. Town Hall Hotel, Armstrong Street, Ballarat, wine & spirits merchants. The reverse features section of grape vine, from a Stokes stock die - Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1 - it is dated 1862, stock dies were shared by many issuing firms.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.880 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: hotels, spirits, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: W.R. Watson, Hotelier, Town Hall Hotel, Ballarat, Victoria (circa 1820s-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: TOWN HALL HOTEL / WINE & SPIRIT / W.R.WATSON & CO. / MERCHANTS / ARMSTRONG ST. BALLARAT
Reverse Description: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the lLatin IN VINO VERITAS, Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.
Edge Description: plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: TOWN HALL HOTEL WINE & SPIRIT W.R.WATSON & CO. MERCHANTS ARMSTRONG ST. BALLARAT
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS T. STOKES MAKER MEL.
Shape: round
Material: copper
Issued By: W. Watson - Town Hall Hotel, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: Stokes received an order for trade tokens from W.R. Watson & Co. in Ballarat in 1862. They manufactured an obverse giving the name of the firm incorrectly as W. Watson & Co. this was rejected and a corrected die needed to be manufactured. That die was employed with two Stokes Stock Vine reverses to manufacture tokens - this suggests two orders were involved. The stock reverses employed were Vine 2 on which the vine has 9 large leaves and Vine 3 on which it has 11 large leaves. In addition it seems a different technician set the dies in the press on each occasion, the Vine 2 die was set with the date of the reverse set at the 06 position - this is incorrect but is commonly found, giving a die axis of 04. The Vine 3 die was correctly set. Stokes stock reverses were intended to make token manufacture inexpensive to encourage small issuers. John Sharples
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 613
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 270/1
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 11

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