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Token - 1 Penny, Robert Calder, Wine & Spirit & General Provision Merchant, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3591

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by Robert Calder, Wine & Spirit & General Provision Merchant, Castlemaine, Victoria, 1862. Robert Calder is thought to have been a Scotsman from Glasgow. Apparently he established his wine and provisions business in Castlemaine in either the late 1850s or early 1860s. Robert married his Scottish sweetheart, who came out to join him during the 1860s. He died on January 12 1868, about ten years after arriving in Castlemaine.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: R. Calder, Barker St. Castlemaine, wine, spirit and general provisions merchant. The reverse features a coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The E of EAST is double entered (initially being placed half a letter height too low) and then T of EAST is below the M of MAKER.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.204 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: drapers, grocers, retailing, shops, spirits, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: Robert Calder, Wine Merchant & Provision Merchant, Castlemaine (?-1868), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within line circle, R.CALDER / BARKER ST. / CASTLEMAINE; around, : WINE SPIRIT & GENERAL PROVISION MERCHANT: 1862
Reverse Description: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The E of EAST is double entered (initially being placed half a letter height too low) and then T of EAST is below the M of MAKER. This is a Stokes stock reverse referred to in catalogues as: Sharples Arms 5 = Heyde Arms 6 = Andrews 14.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: R.CALDER BARKER ST. CASTLEMAINE WINE SPIRIT & GENERAL PROVISION MERCHANT 1862
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST EAST MELBOURNE ADVANCE VICTORIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Robert Calder, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: -Gardner, F."Trade Tokens and the firms that issued them." The Australian Coin Review: p.11; -Immigration Records: -PROV internet index to Unassisted Immigrants from British Ports, 1852 - 1923, VPRS 7666 (printout); -Sharples, J.. 'Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens.' Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. Vol. 7. December 1993: p. 20 - 21; -Hope, John, Biography of Robert Calder. Unpublished MSS. 2005: 1pp.

The obverse die is now in the Museum collection (NU 35750) but was employed about 1920 to restrike this trade token and to produce a variation with the reverse Sharples Arms 6 (see NU 3593).
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 57
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 35
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 21

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