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Token - 1 Penny, R. Grieve, Wholesale & Retail Grocers, Eaglehawk, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3761

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by R. Grieve, Wholesale & Retail Grocers, Eaglehawk, Victoria, circa 1862. A native of Edinburgh, Grieve is thought to have migrated to Australia in 1852 or 1853. Grieve is thought to have worked for Dunn and Bayne in Eaglehawk from October 1853, managing that branch of their business from its opening. After some time he opened his own general store out of a canvas tent. When the land was subdivided into a township, he bought a block and built a substantial store there. Around 1865 he sold the business to his brother Thomas and moved to Melbourne. In Melbourne, Robert opened a store in South Melbourne. His manager was James Herschell. Between arriving in Melbourne and his retirement from active business in 1880, Grieve did well and opened several stores in the suburbs of South and Port Melbourne, making him one of the largest businessmen in that district.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: R. Grieve, wholesale and retail grocer, Eaglehawk. Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The E of EAST is double entered (initially being placed half a letter height too low) and then T of EAST is below the M of MAKER.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.182 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, retail trade, retailing, wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: Robert Grieve, Wholesale & Retail Grocer, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, EAGLE/R.GRIEVE/HAWK around, WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER : border of 112 beads
Reverse Description: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The E of EAST is double entered (initially being placed half a letter height too low) and then T of EAST is below the M of MAKER.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: R. GRIEVE EAGLE HAWK WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER
Reverse: T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE ADVANCE VICTORIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: R. Grieve - Wholesale and Retail Grocer, Eaglehawk, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: -Gardner, F.. "Trade tokens and the firms who issued them." The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal. 31 May 1911: p.13 (photocopy); -PROV internet index to Unassisted Immigrants from British Ports, 1852 - 1923. VPRS 7666; -Sharples, J.. "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens." Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. Vol. 7. December 1993: p. 23; -Sandhurst, Castlemaine, & Echuca Directoy for 1865 - 1866 (State Library of Victoria collection); -Advertisement. The Bendigo Advertiser. 2 August 1862: p.1; -Hope, John. Greive, R.. Unpublished MSS. 2005: 1pp.

The obverse die employed to manufacture this token was used in the early Twentieth Century to strike pieces for collectors.
The die is now in the museum collection (NU35780).
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 153
  2. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 27
  3. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 86

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