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Token - 1 Penny, John Andrew & Co, Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3524

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, mint agent, Coard, London. Issued by John Andrew & Co, Drapers, Melbourne, 1860. John Andrew was apprenticed to the drapery trade in Glasgow and was later successful in his own drapery business in Scotland. He migrated to Australia in 1853. In 1854 he was listed in a Melbourne directory as the owner of a drapery and outfitting business in Lonsdale Street. In 1856 John married Ann Forbes, also from Wick. John sold his business in 1869 to Christie and Berwick and retired to live privately. In 1877 he was encouraged to stand for election to represent West Melbourne in the Legislative Assembly. He was duly elected and displayed his characteristic enthusiasm and progressive personality. At the end of his term, however, he retreated into retirement once again.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: John Andrew & Co., 11 Lonsdale Street West, Melbourne, drapers. The token features at centre of the reverse a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her, its end decorated with a cros to hint at a Union Jack (as found beside Britannia on the copper coins of the period). A three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. Justice wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. It bears the date 1860. This token has been cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 17.184 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: drapers, import trade, retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: John Andrew & Co., Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria (?-1902), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in four lines with elongated diamond shaped bars, MELBOURNE / - / JNO. ANDREW & CO / DRAPERS &c. / - / 11 LONSDALE ST. WEST the first and last lines are curved
Reverse Description: A female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her, its end decorated with a cross to hint at a Union Jack (as found beside Britannia on the copper coins of the period). A three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. Justice wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Around above, MELBOURNE VICTORIA.; in exergue, 1860
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: MELBOURNE JNO ANDREW & CO DRAPERS &c 11 LONSDALE ST. WEST
Reverse: MELBOURNE VICTORIA1860
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: John Andrew & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1860
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1860
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: The obverse die on this token was manufactured after the original die, which featured a lion, cracked - see NU 3516. However this second type of 1860 is matched by a change in the halfpenny obverse and the same changes took place on the parallel issues of Andrew's next door neighbour A.G. Hodgson (13 Lonsdale Street West). The broken die may not be the whole story.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 15
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, R. 2
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 43

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