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Token - 1 Penny, A. Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 29306

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by A. Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, 1862. Archibald Davidson arrived in Melbourne from Girven, Ayrshire, Scotland, in October 1852. He obtained work at the Bank of Australasia in Geelong, but it is believed he then tried his luck on the goldfields. He returned to Melbourne some seven years later, first working as a bookkeeper for David Masterton & Co., before opening a Grocery and Spirit and Wine Merchant's store in Collins Street in 1860, which he ran until his retirement in 1874. After investing in the Great Extended Hustler's Reef mine at Bendigo in 1870, he made so much in dividends that he could afford to retire. Unfortunately he lost a substantial amount of his wealth in land speculation, even so, Davidson retired a wealthy man.

Previous collections: Henry S. Smith
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the issuer: A. Davidson, 112 Collins St. East - corner Russell St. Melbourne, grocer, wine and spirit merchant with a Stokes stock vine leaf reverse with
grape vine at centre with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Mr Robert Edwards - Museum of Victoria, 1988
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.666 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, retail trade, retailing, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: Archibald Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within line circle A.DAVIDSON / 112 / COLLINS ST. EAST / CORNER / OF / RUSSELL ST. / MELBOURNE around outside line circle and within border of 111 beads, GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT :
Reverse Description: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS, Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: A.DAVIDSON 112 COLLINS ST. EAST CORNER OF RUSSELL ST. MELBOURNE GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS T. STOKES MAKER MEL
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: A Davidson - Grocer, wine & spirit merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

Hotel next door to Stoke's mint - 100 Collins St. East.
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

Hotel next door to Stoke's mint - 100 Collins St. East.
Previous Collection: Mr Henry Smith
References: A. Davidson owned the hotel next door to Thomas Stokes' mint. He made two issues of penny tokens in 1862 employing the one obverse die but two versions of the Stokes stock vine reverse - Vine 3 (see NU 3657) and Vine 2 (this token). The obverse die was later employed (c. 1920) to make a new type for collectors with the reverse of Stokes stock Arms (see NU 3654) - this is stored with other late strikes by Stokes as it is not a Nineteenth Century trade token, nor an issue commissioned by Davidson.
The obverse die is in the museum collection (NU 35752)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 93
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 54/2
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 56

Comments

Fred saderson Posted on 17 Jan 2010 7:03 PM
i have found this token under an old house when was doing a pest control and was curious to its region and also what the best way to clean it would be thank you fred
Discovery Centre Posted on 20 Jan 2010 11:08 AM
Museum Victoria Comment
A description of the use of Trade Tokens such as yours can be read in ‘Australian Coin and Banknote Values’ page 10, edited by Ian Pitt, published by Rennicks Corporation NSW 2008. This book is available for you to read in the Discovery Centre Melbourne Museum. Coin collectors commonly advise not to clean coins at all. Reasons for this would be provided by a group such as the Numismatics Society of Victoria who can be contacted online at
http://www.navic.org.au/

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