Mule Token - 1 Penny, Late Strike, James Dixon, General Stores, Wangaratta / R. Grieve, Retail & Wholesale Grocers, Eaglehawk, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3696

Summary:
Copper one Penny mule token, minted by Thomas Stokes of Melbourne. Commissioned by R. Grieve, Wholesale and Retail Grocer, of Eaglehawk, Victoria and James Dixon, owner of a General Store in Wangaratta, Victoria. This token is a late-strike. Andrews notes that no original tokens struck for Dixon are known and that 'Dixon was unfortunate in business, and very soon after Stokes completed his order had to close down, and it is doubtful whether they ever circulated.'

A Canadian by birth, Dixon arrived in Melbourne in 1851. In approximately 1860 he opened a general store in Wangaratta. He had previously owned a cartage business, which operated out of Melbourne. Although Dixon may have suffered a business crisis around 1862, he is listed of the propreitor of a General Store in Ryley Street, Wangaratta, in Butler & Brookes' 1866-1867 Victorian Directory.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, town and business of the persons who commissioned the dies from Stokes: James Dixon, Wangaratta, general storekeeper. The reverse is from the R. Grieve of Eagle Hawk die. This is a late strike and the piece has been cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 17.441 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: late strikes
Themes this item is part of: James Dixon, General Store Keeper, Wangaratta, Victoria, Robert Grieve, Wholesale & Retail Grocer, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: late strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in four lines: JAMES DIXON/ GENERAL / STOREKEEPER / WANGARATTA
Reverse Description: At centre in three lines within a line circle, EAGLE / R. GRIEVE / HAWK around WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER :
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: JAMES DIXON GENERAL STOREKEEPER WANGARATTA
Reverse: R. GRIEVE EAGLE HAWK WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: James Dixon - General Stores, Victoria, Australia
Mint: Stokes (Mint)
Commissioned By: James Dixon - General Stores
Commissioned By: R. Grieve - Wholesale and Retail Grocer
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, no. 117
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, related to no. 25.

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