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Token - 1 Penny, T.W. Courlay & Co, Ironmongers, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1864 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11165

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British mint. Issued by T.W. Courlay & Co, Ironmongers, Christchurch, circa 1864. This firm traded briefly in Christchurch, probably from 1862 to 1865. The earliest record of the company was from the 22 October 1862 edition of the local paper the Christchurch Press, which announced that the store would be opening on 15th of September; presumably this advertisement had been running for more than a month by the time the October edition was printed. The store was known as Economy House, and was located in Ferry Road, Christchurch. In 1864 part of Ferry Road was renamed High Street, making it likely that the tokens were issued around this date. The business was listed in local directories until 1865.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: T.W. Gourlay & Co. Economy House High Street Christchurch, ironmongers. The obverse features a cast iron fireplace and the reverse a two-man timber saw. Heavy knock to right side of reverse.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.519 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: agricultural hand tools, furniture, ironmongers, nz.chch, christchurch
Themes this item is part of: T.W. Gourlay & Co., Ironmongers, Christchurch, New Zealand, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre a cast-iron fireplace, above, [T.]W. COURLAY & Co. / IMPORTERS / OF below, AND / KITCHENERS / CHRISTCHURCH. T damaged by heavy knock to reverse.
Reverse Description: At centre a two-man timber saw, above, ECONOMY HOU[SE] / BUILDERS / & / FURNISHING below, IRONMONGERS / HIGH STREET. SE of house damaged by heavy knock.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: T.W. COURLAY & Co. IMPORTERS OF AND KITCHENERS CHRISTCHURCH
Reverse: ECONOMY HOUSE BUILDERS & FURNISHING IRONMONGERS HIGH STREET
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: T.W. Courlay & Co. Ironmongers, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, circa 1860
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: The mint which produced the Gourlay tokens is unknown but employed one obverse and two reverse dies for their manufacture. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system. The reverse dies can be identified as follows:

Reverse Saw Handles Centering bead teeth on saw
1 3.0 mm none 24
2 2.5 mm above saw 22

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1 (this token), A/2
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 150
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 84/1
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 320
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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