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Token - 1 Penny, S.& S. Lazarus, Stationery & Fancy Goods Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1858 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11355

Summary:
Solomon and Samuel Lazarus came to Australia from London in 1853. They opened a shop in 1853, in the Queen's Arcade. Their holding increased over time, expanding to include shops on Lonsdale Street and large slabs of the Queen's Arcade. By 1861 the brothers had moved their store to Elizabeth Street, where they remained until 1863. Between 1864 and 1869 Lazarus Brothers were in Collins Street West. In 1865 a half page advertisement in Sands and McDougall's Melbourne directory demonstrates their range of goods: 'Stationery, Cutlery, German Silver and Plated Goods, Glass, China, & Earthenware, Basketware, Cabinetware, Perfumery, Games and Sports, Tobacconists' Sundries, Looking Glasses, Combs and Brushware, Musical Instruments, Berlin Wool and Fancy work, Toys, Dolls, &c., in endless variety.'
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: S & S. Lazarus, 29, 30, 31, 69, 70, 71 Queen's Arcade Melbourne, wholesale and retail fancy repository, importers of Birmingham and Sheffield ware, stationary etc. The token has no pictorial element. This token has been cleaned and has re-toned.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 35 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.953 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: birmingham ware, fancy goods, retail trade, retailing, sheffield ware, stationery, wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: S.& S. Lazarus, Wholesalers, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1858 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in 8 lines, S & S. LAZARUS / WHOLESALE / AND RETAIL / FANCY REPOSITORY / 29, 30, 31, 69, 70 & 71 / QUEEN'S / ARCADE / MELBOURNE
Reverse Description: Legend in 7 lines: IMPORTERS / OF / BIRMINGHAM / AND / SHEFFIELD / WARE / STATIONARY &c.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: S & S. LAZARUS WHOLESALE AND RETAIL FANCY REPOSITORY 29, 30, 31, 69, 70 & 71 QUEEN'S ARCADE MELBOURNE
Reverse: IMPORTERS OF BIRMINGHAM AND SHEFFIELD WARE STATIONARY &c..
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: S & S Lazarus, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1852-1862
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1852-1862
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: The issues of S & S. Lazarus are believed to have ben struck by W.J. Taylor in London. Three obverse and three reverse dies were employed on the work but there is no die linking. All were struck with the same die axis and to the same weight standard c. 15.2 g. See Sharples JNAA.7 p. 47-48

The three obverse dies can be visually determined by the relative positions of the comma after 69 and the apostrophe in QUEEN'S as well as by measurement:

Die apostrophe QUEEN'S ARCADE
A just right of comma 11.5 mm 12.0 mm
B right of comma below 7 13.9 mm 12.6 mm
C directly below comma 11.9 mm 13.0 mm

The reverse dies can be difficult to identify. The second letter E in SHEFFIELD and the letter E in WARE are important both for the distance between the and their relative positions:

Die E to E E of WARE
1 1 mm exactly below E
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 317
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 144/1
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 108

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