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Token - 1 Penny, Miller Brothers, Coach Builders, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4110

Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by Miller Brothers, Coach Builders, Melbourne, 1862. William Miller, a 24 year-old native of Belfast in Northern Ireland, arrived in Australia in November 1857. On board with him was one Nancy Miller, aged 22. William was a coachbuilder, and continued in that trade in Melbourne. After a year or so his brothers, John, Hercules, William and George, joined him in Melbourne. In 1865 only three of the brothers were listed, John had apparently departed. In 1868 Hercules' was the only name associated with the business, In 1869 William returned to the business and was the sole person associated with the listing in 1870. William Miller left Melbourne, and started another coach building business, this time in Bendigo. He ran his business there for twenty years before returning to Melbourne and establishing business in South Melbourne.
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Miller Brothers, Melbourne, coach builders. It features a side view of a buggy on the obverse and Stokes stock vine reverse.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.356 g (Weight)
Dimension Comment: This is a light Stokes "late" weight issue. See Sharples JNAA7, p.50

More information

Tagged with: coachbuilders, horsedrawn vehicles
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Transport Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection, Miller Brothers, Coach Builders, Melbourne, Victoria
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre a buggy with COACH above and BUILDERS below; around, MILLER BROTHERS MELBOURNE
Reverse Description: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS, Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Miller Brothers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Biography: Gardner, F., Trade tokens and the firms who issued them, The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal, 31 May 1911, pp.13 - 14 (photocopy); Immigration records: Internet index to Unassisted Immigrants to Victoria from British Ports, VPRS 7666 (printout);Sharples, J., 'Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens' in Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia, Vol. 7, December 1993, pp.50 - 51; Advertisement, The Argus, 22 November 1861. p.8; Advertisement, Sands and McDougall's Commercial and General Melbourne Directory for 1863, advertisements p.34; Advertisement, Sands and McDougall's Commercial and General Melbourne Directory for 1869, advertisements p.42.

Only one obverse die was needed to strike the series of trade tokens for Miller Brothers. It was combined with four of Stokes stock reverses. See Sharples JNAA 7 p. 50-1 for an analysis of the issue.
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 371
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 173/1
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 111

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