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Token - 1 Penny, G.L. Beath & Co, Drapers, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1870 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11045

Summary:
Bronze One Penny Token, minted by Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by G.L. Beath & Co, Drapers, Christchurch, circa 1870. G.L. Beath & Co. was actually founded by a Mr. Kirby in 1860, and Beath only joined the company in 1866. Kirby later left the business, and Beath brought in his brother-in-law, Frank Malcolm. Beath and Malcolm remained in business together until 1896, trading as G.L. Beath & Co. Malcolm left the partnership in 1896 to go into business on his own and Beath was joined by J.E. Wickenden. Together they expanded their store greatly, and in 1902 they transformed the business into a limited liability company. By this time Beath had retired from active involvement in the business, but he remained a director of the company until his death in 1914.
Description:
A round copper token (31 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: G.L Beath & Co., Argile House, Cashel Street, Christchurch, importers, clothiers and drapers. The reverse features a coat of arms with lion supporters. This token has some heavy circular knocks to the obverse.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 31 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 10.246 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing trade, drapers, import trade, retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: G.L. Beath & Co., Drapers, Christchurch, New Zealand, Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1870 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in seven lines, G.L. BEATH & CO / CLOTHIERS / DIRECT / IMPORTERS / & / DRAPERS / CHRISTCHURCH
This token has some heavy circular knocks to the obverse
Reverse Description: At centre a coat of arms with lion supporters. Around, ARGYLE HOUSE CASHEL STREET Motto on ribbon below arms, VIX EA NOSTRA VOCO
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: G.L. BEATH & CO CLOTHIERS DIRECT IMPORTERS & DRAPERS CHRISTCHURCH
Reverse: ARGYLE HOUSE CASHEL STREET VIX EA NOSTRA VOCO
Shape: Round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: Beath, G.L. & Co. Drapers, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, circa 1870
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1870
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Stokes needed four obverse and two reverse dies to complete this order for penny tokens. Identification of the die combination employed to strike a particular token is the basis of standard reference and the museum storage system. Stokes appear to have used whatever copper based metal they coul find to strike these tokesn, copper, brass and bronze are found in most die combinations. Andrews gave different reference numbers to different metals and this led to early collectors cleaning the tokens to try to ascertain which Andrews references they had and lacked. This system is not followed here. The dies can be differentiated by:

Obverse Symbol I of CLOTHIERS
A quotrofoil below T
B cross between TH
C cross below H
D cross below T

Reverse A of ARGYLE Last T of STREET to lion foot
1 re-entered & touches mane 0.5 mm
2 does not touch mane 2.0 mm
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 36
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 23/3
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 306b
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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