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Mule Token - 1 Penny, Lipman Levy, Lambton Quay, Wellington, New Zealand, circa 1880 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11368

Summary:
Copper one penny mule token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London, circa 1880. Commissioned by Lipman Levy of Wellington, New Zealand. Born in London, Levy moved to Wellington in 1842 and opened a business importing and manufacturing shoes and grindery (tools for shoemakers and leatherworkers). Levy issued four varieties of tokens, three pennies and one halfpenny, which were issued between 1857 (when the first tokens were issued in New Zealand) and his death in 1880. The dies used to strike Levy's tokens remained in London and were used about 1880 to make mules, such as this one, with other token dies by W.J. Taylor.

Tokens were demonetised in New Zealand on March 25, 1897, however this mule shows no wear characteristic of circulation.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: Lipman Levy, Lambton Quay, Wellington, importers and manufacturers of boots and shoes. The reverse features Australia seated on rock facing to left holding an olive branch extended in her right hand and resting a staff on her left forearm; above, AUSTRALIA. A paddle steamer on the horizon at left and the makers name in the ground line above the exergue, W.J. TAYLOR LONDON
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.680 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: boots, grindery retailers, import trade, mule tokens, shoes, wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: Lipman Levy, Wholesaler & Retailer, Wellington, New Zealand (1823-1880), Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: mule strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1880 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in seven lines, the first and last curved around the rim; LIPMAN LEVY / IMPORTER / AND / MANUFACTURER / OF BOOTS / & SHOES / WELLINGTON, NEW ZEALAND
Reverse Description: Australia seated on rock facing to left holding an olive branch extended in her right hand and resting a staff on her left forearm; above, AUSTRALIA. A paddle steamer on the horizon at left and the makers name in the ground line above the exergue, W.J. TAYLOR LONDON
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: LIPMAN LEVY IMPORTER AND MANUFACTURER OF BOOTS * SHOES WELLINGTON NEW ZEALAND
Reverse: AUSTRALIA W.J. TAYLOR LONDON
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Lipman Levy, Wellington, North Island, New Zealand, 1854-1900
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1855-1900
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, no. 324
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, related to no. 49
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, no. 328c
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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