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Token - 1 Penny, Crothers & Co, Tea Merchants & Storekeepers, Stawell, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3646

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by Crothers & Co, Tea Merchants & Storekeepers, Stawell, circa 1862. The three Crothers brothers, William, David and Hugh, arrived from Canada in August 1854. The brothers travelled the country (most likely trying their luck at the various gold fields) for ten years before deciding to open a store at Stawell. They opened their store in Main Street, Stawell in 1865. After a number of years David left the partnership and opened his own store in Melbourne. The other brothers continued their business until they retired in 1900. In 1910 William was living in Armadale, Hugh was in Stawell and David still running his own business, was in Oakleigh. They issued their tokens after they became illegal, the first penny and the halfpenny being issued in 1865, with the other two tokens issued in later years.
Description:
A round bronze token (31 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: Crothers & Co., The Original Cash Store, Main St. Stawell, Tea Merchants, General Storekeepers. The obverse die is chipped below the word STOREKEEPERS
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 31 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 9.830 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: retail trade, retailing, tea trade
Themes this item is part of: Crothers & Co., Shop Keepers, Stawell, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Across centre in two lines, CROTHERS / & CO. around above, TEA MERCHANTS around below, & GENERAL STOREKEEPERS
Reverse Description: Legend in five lines, THE / ORIGINAL / CASH STORE / MAIN ST. / STAWELL
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: CROTHERS & CO. TEA MERCHANTS GENERAL STOREKEEPERS
Reverse: THE ORIGINAL CASH STORE MAIN ST. STAWELL
Shape: Round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: Crothers & Co., Stawell, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: There were two obverse dies employed for this issue that can be identified by the spacing of letters, most simply:
Obverse A: & to C is 1.4 mm
Obverse B: & to C is 0.6 mm
These dies are the basis of standard catalogue discriptions and museum storage. This token was struck with Obverse A.
Bibliography:
  1. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 201
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 51/1
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 86

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