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Token - 1 Penny, Sir Philip Gibbs, Barbados, 1792 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 30901

Summary:
1 Penny token, Issued by, Sir Philip Gibbs, Barbados, 1792.
Gibbs Plantation Token
Minted at Milton, J. (probably using Royal Mint press) struck on 25 July 1792
Statement Of Significance:
In 1788 the Gibbs Plantation successfully circulated a token coinage featuring a slave and a pineapple throughout Barbados. A second design was sought in 1792 based on the Seal of the island, King George III as Neptune being drawn across the sea in a bega of hippocampi. The dies were engraved by J. Milton of the Royal Mint, London who seems to have supervised the striking on 24 July 1792. The seal was granted by King Charles II on 3 June 1663.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Mr Robert Edwards - Museum of Victoria, 1987
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 32 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 12.364 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: slavery, hippocampi, mythical animals, british empire coins, british commonwealth and empire coins
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Barbados
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Plantation
DateEra: 1792 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: The head of a slave facing left, wearing a coronet and three feather plume; below, I SERVE; artist's initial, M, incuse on neck trucation.
Reverse Description: King George III (as Neptune) seated in a chariot drawn to left by a pair of hippocampi; above, BARBADOES . PENNY ; in exergue, 1792
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: off-round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Sir Philip Gibbs, Barbados, 1792
Mint: Milton, London (Mint), London, England, Great Britain, 1792
Artist: John Milton - Royal Mint, London
Previous Collection: Mr Henry Smith

Previous Collection originally recorded as Henry J. Smith, South Australia, circa 1850 - the middle initial of which is assumeed to be a mistake.
References: Pridmore 3.14
Remick C1
Hocking 4113
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Mr William Hocking - Royal Mint, London Operative, Catalogue of the Coins, Tokens, Medals, Dies and Seals in the Museum of the Royal Mint, London, 1906
  2. [Book], Major Fred Pridmore, The Coins of the British Commonwealth of Nations, Part 3, West Indies, Spink & Son Ltd., London, 1965
  3. [Book], Jerome Remick, British Commonwealth Coins, Regency Coin and Stamp Co. Ltd., Winnipeg, 1971

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