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Token - 1 Penny, Henry J. Hall, Christchurch Coffee Mills, New Zealand, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3783

Summary:
Copper one Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London. Issued by Henry J. Hall, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1862. Henry Hall was a grocer, wine and spirit merchant and ran a coffee mill. He arranged for two mints to strike tokens, W.J. Taylor in London, and Stokes in Melbourne. Hall issued nineteen penny token varieties, and three halfpennies. They were very simply designed, with text and no graphic elements.

Previous Collections: Hon. William M.K. Vale
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and business of the issuer: H.J. Hall, Christchurch coffee mills, family grocer, wine and spirit merchant.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.459 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: coffee, grocers, retail trade, retailing, wine spirit merchants, nz.chch, christchurch
Themes this item is part of: Henry Joseph Hall, Agriculturalist & Grocer, Christchurch, New Zealand (circa 1835-1896), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, William Mountford Kinsey Vale, Politican (1833-1895)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Across centre between elongated diamond shaped bars, H.J. HALL around above and below, CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS the stops after H and J are square.
Reverse Description: Across centre between elongated diamond shaped bars, H.J. HALL around above and below, FAMILY GROCER : WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT :
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: H.J. HALL CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS
Reverse: H.J. HALL FAMILY GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Henry Hall - Christchurch Coffee Mills, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, circa 1862
Commissioned By: Henry Hall - Christchurch Coffee Mills, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, circa 1862
Previous Collection: Honourable William Vale
References: Hall employed two mints to strike his tokens, W.J. Taylor and Stokes. Both firms later meployed the dies to make restrikes and concoctions for collectors. This token is a Taylor strike for details of Stokes products, referred to in the catalogues as 'without bars' see NU 3788. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system. This is a Taylor product 'with bars', the dies are:

Obverse + to C of CHRIST E to M of MILLS Other
B HENRY J. HALL ONE PENNY
C 3.0 mm 3.0 mm
D 2.0 mm 4.0 mm
D2 as D but die deteriorated through rusting - may indicate a later strike
E 2.1 mm 5.0 mm
F 1.5 mm 4.0 mm

Reverse Y to G of GROCER Other
4 2.0 mm
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 165
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 91/3
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 322f
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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