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Token - 1 Penny, Edward Waters, Confectioner, Auckland, New Zealand, circa 1872 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4497

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Stokes & Martin, Melbourne. Issued by Edward Waters, Confectioner, Auckland, circa 1872. The reverse die was cut by Julius Hogarth. Edward Waters owned a Coffee Palace (Temperance Hotel) in Auckland, which was the rendezvous of Pacific Island Traders and sailors. He was interested in pearl fishing and was well known to the roving South Sea mariners. He was also a wholesale and retail confectioner in which capacity he issued his penny tokens.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: William Waters, confectioner, Queen Street, Auckland. The reverse features a profile bust of a Maori. This token has been cleaned.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 12.044 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: confectioners, retail trade, retailing, wholesale trade, confectionery
Themes this item is part of: Edward Waters, Confectioner, Auckland, New Zealand, Julius Hogarth, Jeweller & Medal Maker (1820-1879), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Hogarth, Erichsen & Co., Jewellers, Sydney, New South Wales, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1872 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in five lines: WHOLESALE AND RETAIL / CONFECTIONER / EDWARD WATERS / QUEEN ST / AUCKLAND
Reverse Description: Bust of Maori facing right, around ONE PENNY TOKEN, below the bust in small letters, STOKES & MARTIN MELBOURNE the artist's initials IH are on the bust above the letters MAR
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: WHOLESALE AND RETAIL CONFECTIONER EDWARD WATERS QUEEN ST AUCKLAND
Reverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN IH STOKES & MARTIN MELBOURNE
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Edward Waters - Confectioner, Auckland, North Island, New Zealand, circa 1872
Mint: Stokes & Martin, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1872
Artist: Julius Hogarth, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1872
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Two obverse dies and one reverse were employed to manufacture this issue. Die identification ids the basis of standard references and the museum storage.

Obverse QUEEN ST T of WATERS
A 23.0 mm above S of ST
B 19.5 mm between S and T

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1, B/1 (this token)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 610
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 269/2
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 346a
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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