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Pattern Token - 1 Penny, Henry J. Hall, Christchurch Coffee Mills, New Zealand, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 20999

Summary:
Copper one Penny Pattern token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London. Issued by Henry J. Hall of Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1862. Henry Hall was a grocer, wine and spirit merchant and ran a coffee mill. He arranged for two mints to strike tokens, W.J. Taylor in London, characterised by bars above and below the name, and later Stokes in Melbourne. In both cases the mint retained the dies and later employed them to manufacture restrikes of original pieces, new combinations of dies and, in Taylor's case, mules with dies from other token issuers. This piece appears to be a pattern based on the issues for Flavelle Bros.

Previous Collections: Not known - "a Sydney collector"
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and business of the issuer: Henry J. Hall, Christchurch Coffee Mills together with the denomination, one penny. The reverse features an emu standing facing right looking at Kangaroo seated on tail in grassy field facing left.
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.074 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: coffee, pattern tokens, retail trade, retailing, nz.chch, christchurch
Themes this item is part of: Henry Joseph Hall, Agriculturalist & Grocer, Christchurch, New Zealand (circa 1835-1896), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: pattern strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Across centre in two lines between elongated diamond shaped bars, ONE / PENNY around above and below, HENRY J. HALL CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS
Reverse Description: An emu standing facing right looking at Kangaroo seated on tail in grassy field facing left, in small letters below exergue line, W.J. TAYLOR LONDON
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: HENRY J. HALL CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS ONE PENNY
Reverse: W.J. TAYLOR LONDON
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Henry Hall - Christchurch Coffee Mills, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, circa 1862
Commissioned By: Henry Hall - Christchurch Coffee Mills, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, circa 1862
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Not known - "a Sydney collector"
References: Hall employed two mints to strike his tokens, W.J. Taylor and Stokes. Both firms later meployed the dies to make restrikes and concoctions for collectors. This token is a Taylor strike for details of Stokes products, referred to in the catalogues as 'without bars' see NU 3788. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system. This is a Taylor product 'with bars', the dies are:

Obverse + to C of CHRIST E to M of MILLS Other
B HENRY J. HALL ONE PENNY
C 3.0 mm 3.0 mm
D 2.0 mm 4.0 mm
D2 as D but die deteriorated through rusting - may indicate a later strike
E 2.1 mm 5.0 mm
F 1.5 mm 4.0 mm

Reverse Y to G of GROCER Other
4 2.0 mm
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 160
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, related to No. 30
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 322d
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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