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Token - 1 Penny, Clarkson & Turnbull, Timaru, New Zealand, 1865 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11085

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint. Issued by Clarkson & Turnbull, Timaru, New Zealand, 1865. The firm of Clarkson and Turnbull was founded in 1863 at Timaru. The Principals were David Clarkson and Richard Turnbull. Timaru was only declared a Port of Entry in 1861, so it was still quite a young settlement when Clarkson and Turnbull opened their store. Their premises were of particular note in the township, 'a two-storey building at the corner of George Street and the South Road, whose cost would be about 2,500 [pounds]; plate glass for the windows was being imported from England at a cost of about 150 [pounds].' The business was the first to export flour from Timaru 'which since then has been continuous.' The partnership was disrupted on 9 December 1868 by a fire that consumed their premises, among a total of 30 buildings destroyed. After their premises were destroyed Clarkson & Turnbull dissolved their partnership. David Clarkson returned to Christchurch and Robert Turnbull remained in Timaru, carrying on their business in his own name.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: Clarkson & Turnbull, general importers, drapers clothiers &c., Timaru. The reverse features a view of the local breakwater and lighthouse with a two-funnelled three masted steam sailing ship docking and a crowd of 14 people waiting on the breakwater.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.826 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing trade, drapers, import trade, lighthouses, shipping
Themes this item is part of: Clarkson & Turnbull, Drapers, Timaru, New Zealand, Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Transport Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1865 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Around a circle of beads, CLARKSON & TURNBULL 1865 within in five lines, GENERAL / IMPORTERS / DRAPERS / CLOTHIERS / &c
Reverse Description: View of the local breakwater and lighthouse with a two-funnelled three masted steam sailing ship docking and a crowd of 14 people waiting on the breakwater. Above, NEW ZEALAND, in exergue, TIMARU
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: CLARKSON & TURNBULL GENERAL IMPORTERS DRAPERS CLOTHIERS &c. 1865
Reverse: NEW ZEALAND TIMARU
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Clarkson & Turnbull, Timaru, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, 1865
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Although only one reverse die was needed to manufacture this issue, three slightly different obverses were employed with it. Identification of the die combination used to manufacture a particular token is the basis of the standard references and the museum storage system. The three obverse dies can be recognised by:

Obverse Rim border GENERAL verticle stroke of L of GENERAL
A denticles 15.8 mm to vertical stroke of R
B beads 15.9 mm to vertical stroke of R
C beads 17.5 mm to middle of R

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1 (this token), B/1, C/1
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 69
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 43/1
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 312
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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