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Token - 1 Penny, Fenwick Brothers, Importers & Clothiers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3706

Summary:
One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British mint, circa 1862. Issued by Fenwick Brothers, Importers & Clothiers, Melbourne. In November 1852 Orlando Fenwick arrived in Melbourne, he brought goods out from England with him to found a drapery business. He began business in the Western Market, and then moved to the diggings where he opened a business, Fenwick and Snowden, that lasted about 12 months. Fenwick then opened a store at Sandridge (Port Melbourne). In 1857 Fenwick moved his business to King Street and was joined by his brother Pascoe. In 1862 they opened a wholesale warehouse in Collins Place (Equitable Place). Fenwick Bros. issued two tokens,which bear their address, and the government flagstaff, giving prospective customers a clear indication of where to find the store.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Fenwick Brothers, 225 King Street, Melbourne, Importers and Clothiers. The obverse features a view of Observatory House beside a large flagstaff with cross stays, ropes etc. A single flag, divided horizontally with the top half shaded in vertical lines and the bottom plain (red and white), flies from the left side of the flagstaff. The reverse features a profile portrait of Queen Victoria.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.530 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing trade, import trade, merchants, outfitters
Themes this item is part of: Fenwick Brothers, Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria, Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, a view of Observatory House beside a large flagstaff with cross stays, ropes etc. A single flag, divided horizontally with the top half shaded in vertical lines and the bottom plain (red and white), flies from the left side of the flagstaff. Around, FENWICK BROTHERS IMPORTERS & CLOTHIERS. 225 KING ST . above address, FLAG STAFF
Reverse Description: At centre head of Queen Victoria facing left, around, 225 KING STREET MELBOURNE .VICTORIA .
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: FENWICK BROTHERS IMPORTERS & CLOTHIERS 225 KING ST. FLAG STAFF
Reverse: 225 KING STREET MELBOURNE VICTORIA
Shape: round
Material: Brass
Issued By: Fenwick Brothers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1854-1863
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: "The building with the flag staff shown on these coins ia a relic of the early days when ships arriving were signalled the class of ship and where from being indicated by different flags" Alfred Chitty catalogue p.76, 1923
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 121
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 69
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 67

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