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Token - 1 Penny, Late Strike, R.B. Ridler, Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, Australia, circa 1918 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4269

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Originally issued by R.B. Ridler, Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, 1862. This Token is a late strike, it was struck in 1918 for collectors. Robert Broom Ridler was an Englishman, born in Devonshire in 1825. He arrived in Victoria in about 1852. He took a position as salesman with Mr. Butler in the shop which shortly afterwards became his own, in Richmond. By 1856 Ridler was running the shop in his own name. In 1857 Ridler married Sophia Wild, later having eleven children. He sold his business to a Mr Brockman in 1877 and retired to Dandenong, where he died in 1898.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) with the name, address and business of the issuer: R.B. Ridler 187 Bridge Road, Richmond, wholesale and retail butcher. The reverse is a Stokes stock Vine: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.This token has been cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 12.804 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: butchers, late strikes, retail trade, retailing, wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: Robert Broom Ridler, Wholesaler & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria (1825-1898), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: late strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1918 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle in five lines (the first and last curved) , R.B. RIDLER / 187 / BRIDGE / ROAD / RICHMOND; around, WHOLESALE & RETAIL BUTCHER :
Reverse Description: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: R.B. RIDLER 187 BRIDGE ROAD RICHMOND WHOLESALE & RETAIL BUTCHER J. COVERLID
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS T. STOKES MAKER MEL.
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Robert Ridler - Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, Australia, 1862-1918
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Person Named: J Coverlid, Richmond, Victoria, Australia
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Ridler employed Stokes strike trade tokens in 1862. The obverse was a standard format of the issuers name address and business - only one die was needed. This die (Obverse A) was linked to three stock reverses in 1862 but the obverse survived and was employed to make an additional three types before 1920. The late strikes show corrosion to the dies.
The following original types are known: A/Emu 1, A/Sheaf 1 and A/ Arms 6
The following late strikes from corroded dies are also recorded: A/ Arms 6, A/ Emu 3 and A/ Vine 2 - these are not trade tokens but collector restrikes and concoction.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 457
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 65
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77.

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