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Surcharged Token - 'Q' on 1 Penny, James Campbell, General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1858 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18863

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Son, Birmingham, England, circa 1858. Issued by James Campbell, General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales. Surcharged Q. James Campbell arranged for a large supply of tokens, both penny and halfpenny denominations from Heaton and Son, Birmingham.

Previous collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm dia) featuring the name and business name of the issuer, James Campbell General Stores of Morpeth. It features a female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground among the fruit the letter G. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, AUSTRALIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token. surcharged Q
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.78 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: law justice, retailing, shops, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1858 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: JAMES CAMPBELL / GENERAL STORES / . MORPETH . all lines are curved
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground among the fruit the letter G. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, AUSTRALIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token. surcharged Q
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: JAMES CAMPBELL GENERAL STORES MORPETH
Reverse: AUSTRALIA surcharged Q
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: James Campbell - General Stores, Morpeth, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1858
Mint: Heaton and Son, Birmingham, England, Great Britain, circa 1858
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Two slightly different reverse dies were employed to strike the penny tokens. On this example, die 1, the word AUSTRALIA is 23.3 mm long starting 7.5 mm above the sea. A line along the bottom of the scale pans would pass through the middle of the letter A. For die 2 see NU3595, the word AUSTRALIA is 24.1 mm long starting 8.5 mm above the sea. A line along the bottom of the scale pans would just touch the bottom of the letter A.

These die identifications form the basis of standard references and the museum's storage system.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 60
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 37/2

Comments

pete Posted on 21 Apr 2010 8:09 PM
ref too reg no.nu 18863. "JAMES CAMPBELL GENERAL STORES MORPETH". one of these found in bathurst today.
craig wellington Posted on 29 Nov 2010 12:56 AM
Found on of these tokens recently while metal detecting in the Lithgow area

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