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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Annand, Smith & Co, Family Grocers, Melbourne, 1851 stamped 'A.Bush', Melbourne, Victoria, Austalia, circa 1856 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18856

Summary:
Copper one Penny Surcharged Token, minted by Heaton & Sons in Birmingham. Issued by Annand Smith & Co, Family grocers, in Collins Street, Melbourne. This token has been surcharged 'A. Bush' on both sides, circa 1856. Annand Smith & Co issued Australia's first circulating copper tokens, on 20 October 1849. In 1949 the Numismatic Association of Victoria issued a medal to commemorate the 100th anniversary of that token. The partnership between Annand and Smith was over by 1852.

Annand Smith & Co. had two issues of trade tokens, the first were manufactured by the Soho Mint, Birmingham, in 1849 and the second by Heaton & Sons in 1851. The second issue (from which this token is) has the letters H&S added beside the shield (it is a different Britannia die too).
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Annand, Smith & Co., Melbourne, family grocers. The token features on the reverse Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A crudely illustrated three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left. Surcharged A.BUSH on both sides.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.16 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, horsedrawn vehicles, import trade, retail trade, retailing, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Annand, Smith & Co., Grocers, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Transport Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1851 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in four lines within a border of 132 beads, ANNAND SMITH & CO / FAMILY / GROCERS / .MELBOURNE. the first and last lines are curved surcharged A.BUSH.
Reverse Description: Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch (with six leaves and five berries) in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left; above, BRITANNIA; to the left of the shield K (the artist's initial) and to the right H&S (for Heaton & Sons) surcharged A.BUSH.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ANNAND SMITH & CO FAMILY GROCERS MELBOURNE surcharged A.BUSH
Reverse: BRITANNIA K H&S surcharged A.BUSH
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Annand, Smith & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1851
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1851
Artist: Conrad Kuchler - Royal Mint, London & Soho Mint, Birmingham, 1849
Surcharged By: A. Bush, Livery Stables, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1856
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Henderson, R.L., 'Annand, Smith and Co.', in Australian Numismatist, 1988 Special Bicentennial Edition, pp.12 - 16 [photocopy]; Gardner, F.,' Trade tokens and the businesses that issued them', The Australian Storekeepers & Traders Journal, 31 January 1911, pp.13 - 14; Advertisement, Melbourne Commercial Directory, compiled by P.W. Pierce, 1853, unnumbered page at rear of directory.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.18 & 1027
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No.14/2
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V.49

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