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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Iredale & Co, Iron Merchants & Ironmongers, Sydney, circa 1854, Wilson, Engraver, Sydney, Australia Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18805

Summary:
Copper one Penny Surcharged Token, minted by Heaton & Sons in Birmingham. Issued by Iredale & Co. Iron Merchants & Ironmongers, in Sydney. Surcharged by Wilson, an Engraver, in Sydney, Australia.

Transported to Australia in 1812 and later emancipated Lancelot Iredale, founded an Ironmongery firm in 1820. In 1844 Iredale and Co. provided supplies to the expedition mounted by explorer Ludwig Leichhardt that crossed Australia from Sydney to Port Essington. The following year Lancelot's son Robert took over the business. Thomas, Robert's brother, and Frederic Lassetter joined the firm in 1850. In 1854 Iredale and Co. issued their first tokens, making them one of the first companies to issue tokens in Australia. In 1855 George Iredale, another brother, joined the firm. In 1861 after Thomas' death, Lancelot Jr., the Grandson of the founder, became the principal of the firm.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, partial address, business and foundation date of the issuer: Iredale and Co., Sydney, iron merchants and general ironmongers. The reverse depicts Justice standing facing left, blindfolded and extending balanced scales from her right hand, her left hand rests on an inverted cornucopiae from which fruits flow. A sailing ship is seen on the horizon to the left of the figure, above which surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S

Iredale was a large issuer of tokens production of which involved four obverse and six different reverse dies. This is one of six issues with the Justice reverse, on which the word AUSTRALIA seems to have been individually entered. This has resulted in slight differences in the spacing of the first and last letters and the sea horizon, slight differences in the positiuon of the pand of the scales held by Justice and the letters and in the position of the head of Justice in relation to the letters RA of AUSTRALIA. See notes tab for a table of the reverse variations. This type has 9.0 mm between the first A of AUSTRALIA and the sea horizon, 8.6 mm between the last A and the sea. A line drawn across the tops of the scale pans would almost touch the lowest point of the last A of AUSTRALIA and be below the first A.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.86 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: ironmongers, retailing, shops, surcharged tokens, what would the value of this token.thank theresa
Themes this item is part of: Iredale & Co., Sydney, Ironmongers, New South Wales, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1854 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within line circle, ESTABLISHED / 1820 / IREDALE & CO. / SYDNEY around, * IRON MERCHANTS AND GENERAL IRONMONGERS
Reverse Description: Justice standing facing left, blindfolded and extending balanced scales from her right hand, her left hand rests on an inverted cornucopiae from which fruits flow. A sailing ship is seen on the horizon to the left of the figure above which surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S. Around above, AUSTRALIA
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ESTABLISHED 1820 IREDALE & CO. SYDNEY IRON MERCHANTS AND GENERAL IRONMONGERS
Reverse: AUSTRALIA surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Iredale & Co., Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1854
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, circa 1854
Surcharged By: Wilson, Engraver, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1855
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: This token was struck with dies A/2

Table of Iredale obverse die variations
Die letters in SYDNEY alignment of H to I of IREDALE Shape of O in Co Border dots
A 2.5 mm tall to middle of I oval 113
B 2.5 mm tall to top of I oval 128
C 3.0 mm tall above top of I oval 116
D 3.0 mm tall to top of I circular 116

Table of 'Justice' reverse dies variations employed with Iredale issues (Reverse 1 depicts Britannia)
Die 1st A to Horizon Last A to Horizon Top of pans point to
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 292 & No. 1247
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 132/1

Comments

Michelle Patient Posted on 25 Jun 2011 8:57 PM
Many thanks for your site and background information on tokens. I have a correction for you, Lancelot Iredale the younger - was tried & transported in 1816, not 1812 as stated above.

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