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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Davies, Alexander & Co, Australian Store, Goulburn, 1850 stamped 'Wilson, Engraver, 390 Pitt S', Sydney, Australia Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18804

Summary:
Copper one Penny Surcharged Token, minted by an unknown Bristish mint. Issued by Davies, Alexander & Co., of the Australian Store, Goulburn, New South Wales. Surcharged by Wilson, Engraver, Pitt Street, Sydney, circa 1855.

Previous collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name and business name of the issuer, Davies, Alexander & Co. AustralianStores of Golburn. It features Arms with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA and a Golden Fleece. This token has been surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.78 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: golden fleece, retailing, shops, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1850 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a circle of dots a Golden Fleece; around above, DAVIES ALEXANDER & Co; below, . GOULBURN . surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Reverse Description: Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor; above, ESTABLISHED; below, 1837; around outside circle of beads, AUSTRALIAN STORE GOULBURN
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: DAVIES ALEXANDER & Co. . GOULBURN . surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Reverse: AUSTRALIAN STORE GOULBURN ESTABLISHED 1837 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Davies, Alexander & Co., Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia, post 1850
Surcharged By: Wilson, Engraver, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1855
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: This company issued penny tokens from three obverse and two reverse dies.
The tokens from this pairing are characterised by:
Obverse: No comma after the word DAVIES. Inner circle of 115 dots. The word GOULBURN is 19.0 mm long and starts 5.3mm from the stop.
Reverse: The kangaroo's tail points to the E. The word STORES is 14.8 mm long and starts 3.8 mm after the N. Inner circle of 154 dots.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, Nos.97 & cf 1243
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No.56/1

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