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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Brookes, Ironmongers, Brisbane, Queensland, circa 1855 stamped 'Wilson, Engraver, 390 Pitt S', Sydney, Australia Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18803

Summary:
Copper one Penny Surcharged Token. Issued by Brookes, Ironmongers, Brisbane, Queensland, circa 1855. Surcharged 'Wilson, Engraver, 390 Pitt S'.

The first Brookes token issues had identicle designs on both sides so that the term obverse and reverse cannot be applied. There were three issues struck by an uncertain but probably local mint. The first employed ornamental letters for the words IRONMONGERS and BRISBANE, later dies were made with plain letters. It is likley that the firm W. & B. Brookes, Ironmongers of Brisbane is the same company, that ordered tokens from the Birmingham firm Heaton and Sons, in 1863.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (35 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: Brookes, Brisbane, Ironmonger on both sides, the obverse surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 35 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 21.34 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: ironmongers, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Emil Hafner, Engraver (circa 1920s- ), W.& B. Brookes, Ironmongers, Queensland
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Queensland
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1855 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: IRONMONGERS / BROOKS / BRISBANE the first and last lines being curved and the letters ornate; surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Reverse Description: IRONMONGERS / BROOKS / BRISBANE the first and last lines being curved and the letters ornate
Inscriptions: Obverse: IRONMONGERS BROOKS BRISBANE surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Reverse: IRONMONGERS BROOKS BRISBANE
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Brookes, Ironmongers, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, circa 1855
Mint: Hafner (Mint), circa 1855
Surcharged By: Wilson, Engraver, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1855
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.46 & cf 1243
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No.28

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