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Token - 1 Penny, R.B. Ridler, Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4268

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Originally issued by R.B. Ridler, Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, 1862. Robert Broom Ridler was an Englishman, born in Devonshire in 1825. He arrived in Victoria in about 1852. He took a position as salesman with Mr. Butler in the shop which shortly afterwards became his own, in Richmond. By 1856 Ridler was running the shop in his own name. In 1857 Ridler married Sophia Wild, later having eleven children. He sold his business to a Mr Brockman in 1877 and retired to Dandenong, where he died in 1898.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) with the name, address and business of the issuer: R.B. Ridler 187 Bridge Road, Richmond, wholesale and retail butcher. The reverse is a Stokes stock wheatsheaf. This token has been heavily cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.550 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: butchers, retail trade, retailing, wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: Robert Broom Ridler, Wholesaler & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria (1825-1898), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle in five lines (the first and last curved) , R.B. RIDLER / 187 / BRIDGE / ROAD / RICHMOND; around, WHOLESALE & RETAIL BUTCHER :
Reverse Description: At centre a wheat sheaf tied with a cord 4.7 mm long, above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1862 border of 114 beads. (Stock reverse Andrews type 21 = Heyde Sheaf 1 = Sharples Sheaf 1)
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: R.B. RIDLER 187 BRIDGE ROAD RICHMOND WHOLESALE & RETAIL BUTCHER J. COVERLID
Reverse: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Robert Ridler - Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Person Named: J Coverlid, Richmond, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: Ridler employed Stokes strike trade tokens in 1862. The obverse was a standard format of the issuers name address and business - only one die was needed. This die (Obverse A) was linked to three stock reverses in 1862 but the obverse survived and was empoloyed to make an additional three types in about 1920. The late strikes show corrosion to the dies.
The following original types are known: A/Emu 1, A/Sheaf 1 and A/ Arms 6
The following late strikes from corroded dies are also recorded: A/ Arms 6, A/ Emu 3 and A/ Vine 2 - these are not trade tokens but collector restrikes and concoction.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 456
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 217
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 191

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