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Token - 1 Penny, Thomas Stokes, Diesinker, Token Maker & Medallist, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Reg. No: NU 4386
- Copper one Penny token, minted by Thomas Stokes of Melbourne, circa 1862. Issued by Thomas Stokes, Diesinker, Token Maker & Medallist, Melbourne. This token is one of the large number of anonymous tokens struck by Stokes late in 1862. Anonymous issues were manufactured employing two stock dies. Thomas Stokes migrated to Australia in search of gold in the 1850s, being unsuccessful he returned to his trade as a die-maker and button maker. In 1857 Stokes acquired a press from W.J. Taylor and began to mint large numbers of tradesmen's tokens. He also commenced the Australian Medallic Issues. In 1873 Stokes took a partner, Martin, and the business was re-named Stokes & Martin. In 1893 a disastrous fire damaged a large portion of the business, Martin had forgotten to renew the fire insurance policy, and the partnership was dissolved as a result. Stokes rebuilt the business as Stokes & Son. The business became a proprietary concern in 1911, re-named Stokes & Son Pty Ltd. In 1935 the business moved to Brunswick, and in 1962 Stokes became a public company, renamed Stokes (Australasia) Pty Ltd. Today the business is located in Ringwood.
Previous Collections: George McArthur
- A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name, address and business of the mint (& issuer?) : Thomas Stokes, 100 Collins St. East, Melbourne, letter cutter, button, check and token maker. The reverse is from a stock Vine die: at centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 113 beads.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||34 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||14.810 g (Weight)|
|Dimension Comment:||There seem to be two weight standards c. 15 g and c. 13 g|
|Tagged with:||wholesale trade|
|Themes this item is part of:||George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Thomas Stokes, Token & Medal Maker (1831-1910), McArthur Bequest|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|Obverse Description:||At centre within a line circle in five lines, the first and last curved, T. STOKES / 100 / COLLINS ST. / EAST / MELBOURNE around, LETTER CUTTER . SEAL ENGRAVER . TOKEN MAKER :
(Note there is a : at 06) The die has cracked in an arc from the rim between 02 and 03 ( throught the O of TOKEN) to 06 (through the :).
|Reverse Description:||At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with nine large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 113 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 1.|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: T. STOKES 100 COLLINS ST EAST MELBOURNE LETTER CUTTER . SEAL ENGRAVER . TOKEN MAKER :
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS T. STOKES MAKER MEL
|Issued By:||Thomas Stokes, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Mint:||Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862|
|Previous Collection:||George McArthur|
Stokes products which do not carry the name of an issuer but only reference to Stokes itself, are divided into four series:
Series 1: has the wording T. STOKES or THOMAS STOKES MAKER MELBOURNE around the address in three lines 100 COLLINS ST. EAST plus one die where the central wording is ONE PENNY TOKEN in two lines.
Series 2: has a description of the types of product, eg. BUTTON CHECK & TOKEN MAKER, around the name and address of the company, T. STOKES 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. All but one die in this series has a line circle between the name and address and the products.
Series 3: employs Stokes stock reverse dies for both sides of the token. In all cases one side has a Vine type, this is therefore called the obverse.
Series 4: has an obverse legend in eight lines with the first, T. STOKES, and last, MELBOURNE, curved.
This token belongs to Series 2 with Obverse I after the die cracked
Within this series there were eight obverse dies all employed with stock 1862 reverse dies. The different obverse forms are generally easy to identify. All have the legend T. STOKES / 100 / COLLINS ST. / EAST / MELBOURNE. With the exception of dies D and C (which is not known from an 1862 strike), all have a line circle around this legend - obverse D has MELBOURNE at the rim. The remainder have variations in the exact form of the surrounding legend:
Obverse D: BUTTON CHECK & TOKEN MAKER
Obverse E: CHECK & TOKEN MAKER (NU 35746 for the original die)
Obverse F: LETTER CUTTER BUTTON CHECK & TOKEN MAKER :
Obverse G: LETTER CUTTER _ BUTTON CHECK & TOKEN MAKER : (NU 35742 for the original die)
Obverse H: LETTER CUTTER SEAL ENGRAVER TOKEN MAKER . (NU 35733 for the original die)
Obverse I: LETTER CUTTER . SEAL ENGRAVER . TOKEN MAKER
Obverse J: LETTER CUTTER . SEAL ENGRAVER . TOKEN MAKER .
Obverse L: MILITARY ORNAMENT BUTTON & TOKEN MAKER : (NU 35740 for the original die)
Note: Obverse E has only been recorded on Twentieth century late work - concoctions. The die itself is in the museum collection NU 35746
This item is part of the following themes: