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Token - 1 Penny, United Service Hotel, Auckland, New Zealand, 1874 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4463

Summary:
New Zealand Auckland
United Service Hotel Token Penny 1874 (AD)
Mint: Uncertain British

Standard References: Andrews 591 = Heyde 257 = Lampard 344
Other Details: This token was struck with the die combination B/1, see References for details of die identification. Tokens were demonetised in New Zealand on March 25, 1897.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: United Service Hotel, corner of Queen and William Streets, Auckland. The reverse features a profile head of Queen Victoria and the date 1874.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.986 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: hotels
Themes this item is part of: United Service Hotel, Auckland, New Zealand, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1874 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle, UNITED SERVICE / HOTEL around above, CORNER QUEEN & WELLESLEY STREETS around below, AUCKLAND N.Z. The words UNITED SERVICE are curved around above the word HOTEL.
Reverse Description: Head of young Queen Victoria facing left; around, VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1874
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: UNITED SERVICE HOTEL CORNER QUEEN & WELLESLEY STREETS AUCKLAND N.Z.
Reverse: VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1874
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: United Service Hotel, Auckland, North Island, New Zealand, 1874
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Andrews 591 = Heyde 257/2 = Lampard 344a

The United Service Hotel issue of penny tokens required two obverse and one reverse dies for it's production. Identification of the die combination employed to make a particular token is the key to both the standard references and the museum storage system. The dies can be recognised by:

Obverse UNITED SERVICE
A in straight line 21.5 mm long
B in curved line 20.0 mm long
The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1, B/1 (this token)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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