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Token - 1 Penny, T. Warburton, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Reg. No: NU 4470
- Australia Victoria Melbourne
T. Warburton Token Penny, 1862 (AD)
Mint: Thomas Stokes
Standard References: Andrews 595 = Heyde 261/1 = Sharples V.179
Other Details: Die combination C / Vine 1 see notes tab for details.
- A copper trade token penny (32 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuer: T. Warburton, 11 Little Bourke St. West, Melbourne, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works. The reverse is from a Stokes stock die Vine 1: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, breaking the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER. 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE around above, VICTORIA 1862. This is the only stock vine die to not have the Latin motto IN VINO VERITAS.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||34 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||16.892 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||housing, iron zinc spouting, plumbing, urban development|
|Themes this item is part of:||Thomas Warburton, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Victoria, Domestic & Community Life Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|Obverse Description:||At centre within a line circle T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST WEST around, IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS : MELBOURNE :|
|Reverse Description:||At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, breaking the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER. 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE around above, VICTORIA 1862. Border of 120 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 8. This is the only stock vine die to not have the Latin motto IN VINO VERITAS. When struck the reverse die had chipped on the edge from 04 to 06 and 11 to 12.|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST WEST MELBOURNE IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS
Reverse: VICTORIA . 1862 T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE.
|Issued By:||Thomas Warburton - Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862|
|Mint:||Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862|
|Previous Collection:||Mr Alfred Chitty|
Andrews 595 = Heyde 261/1 = Sharples V.179
T. Warburton advertised in the Melbourne Directory for 1862 as a galvanised iron spout maker. The same year he employed Stokes to strike a large order of penny tokens. Three obverse dies were needed to complete the order using Stokes stock reverse dies for the reverses. In all seven combinations of dies have been confirmed with an additional two reported by Andrews and repeated by Heyde (with the rider Not Seen) rejected by Sharples (JNAA.7.67-8).
Identification of the obverse die employed for a particular token can be made by following the steps:
1. If there is no stop after the abbreviation ST of BOURKE ST it is obverse C
2 If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.0 mm long it is obverse B
3. If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.8 mm long it is die A (this die cracked down the left side through the letters NC od ZINC through the W, T and B to the I of IRON if present this die crack is a clear identifier of obverse A.)
The museum storage and standard references are based on these die identifications.
The following die combinations with stock Stokes reverses (Numbered according to Sharples JNAA.7 pp. 5 -10) have been confirmed: A/Emu 1 (two weight standards), B/Sheaf 1, B/Arms 6, C/ Emu 1, C/Vine 1, C/Vine 2 and C/Sheaf 1
This item is part of the following themes: