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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Robert Hyde & Co, Marine Store, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1861, 'A.L.', Australia Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18798

Summary:
Copper one Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons of Birmingham, circa 1861. Issued by Robert Hyde & Co, Marine Store, Melbourne. Surcharged AL. Hyde's Marine Store was listed in a Melbourne directory for the first time in 1862. Between 1863 and 1865 he was listed as being in a partnership with Richard Hodgson (Hyde, Hodgson & Co.). In 1868 his Marine Store became a Rag Merchant's business, before becoming a Marine Store for 1869 and 1870. The firm's principal business was dealing in second hand and scrap goods.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Robert Hyde & Co. Melbourne. General Marine Store. On the reverse a coat of arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY; below, the date of issue, 1861. This token is holed and surcharged AL
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.37 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: glass, marine stores, rags, recycling, shipping, surcharged tokens, cancelled
Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Robert Hyde & Co., Merchants, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Transport Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1861 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle, GENERAL / MARINE / STORE / - / SHIPPERS OF / RAGS GLASS / METALS / &c.; around above, ROBERT HYDE & CO; around below, MELBOURNE. This token has been holed at the centre and surcharged AL.
Reverse Description: Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY below, 1861.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ROBERT HYDE & CO MELBOURNE GENERAL MARINE STORE SHIPPERS OF RAGS GLASS METALS &c AL
Reverse: PEACE & PLENTY 1861 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Robert Hyde & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1861
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1861
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 283
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 129/2
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 100

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