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Surcharged Token - 'H. Loxton' on 1 Penny, Fenwick Brothers, Importers & Clothiers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18831

Summary:
One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British mint, circa 1862. Issued by Fenwick Brothers, Importers & Clothiers, Melbourne. Surcharged H. LOXTON. In November 1852 Orlando Fenwick arrived in Melbourne, he brought goods out from England with him to found a drapery business. He began business in the Western Market, and then moved to the diggings where he opened a business, Fenwick and Snowden, that lasted about 12 months. Fenwick then opened a store at Sandridge (Port Melbourne). In 1857 Fenwick moved his business to King Street and was joined by his brother Pascoe. In 1862 they opened a wholesale warehouse in Collins Place (Equitable Place). Fenwick Bros. issued two tokens,which bear their address, and the government flagstaff, giving prospective customers a clear indication of where to find the store.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Fenwick Brothers, 225 King Street, Melbourne, Importers and Clothiers. The obverse features a view of Observatory House beside a large flagstaff with cross stays, ropes etc. A single flag, divided horizontally with the top half shaded in vertical lines and the bottom plain (red and white), flies from the left side of the flagstaff. The reverse features a profile portrait of Queen Victoria. This token has been surcharged H. LOXTON
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.07 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing trade, import trade, merchants, outfitters, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Fenwick Brothers, Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria, Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, a view of Observatory House beside a large flagstaff with cross stays, ropes etc. A single flag, divided horizontally with the top half shaded in vertical lines and the bottom plain (red and white), flies from the left side of the flagstaff. Around, FENWICK BROTHERS IMPORTERS & CLOTHIERS. 225 KING ST . above address, FLAG STAFF. surcharged H. LOXTON
twice.
Reverse Description: At centre head of Queen Victoria facing left, around, 225 KING STREET MELBOURNE .VICTORIA . surcharged H. LOXTON
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: FENWICK BROTHERS IMPORTERS & CLOTHIERS 225 KING ST. FLAG STAFF surcharged H. LOXTON twice
Reverse: 225 KING STREET MELBOURNE VICTORIA surcharged H. LOXTON
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Fenwick Brothers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862
Surcharged By: H. Loxton, Victoria, Australia, 1860s
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: "The building with the flag staff shown on these coins ia a relic of the early days when ships arriving were signalled the class of ship and where from being indicated by different flags" Alfred Chitty catalogue p.76, 1923

The Fenwick Brothers issue of penny tokens required one obverse and two reverse dies for it's production. Identification of the die combination employed to make a particular token is the key to both the standard references and the museum storage system. The dies can be recognised by:

Reverse
1 There is a line circle around the Queen's head
2 There is no line circle around the Queen's head

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1, A/2 (this token)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 121
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 69
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 67

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