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Token - Halfpenny, Crothers & Co, Tea Merchants & Storekeepers, Stawell, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3648

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by Crothers & Co, Tea Merchants & Storekeepers, Stawell, circa 1862. The three Crothers brothers, William, David and Hugh, arrived from Canada in August 1854. The brothers travelled the country (most likely trying their luck at the various gold fields) for ten years before deciding to open a store at Stawell. They opened their store in Main Street, Stawell in 1865. After a number of years David left the partnership and opened his own store in Melbourne. The other brothers continued their business until they retired in 1900. In 1910 William was living in Armadale, Hugh was in Stawell and David still running his own business, was in Oakleigh. They issued their tokens after they became illegal, the first penny and the halfpenny being issued in 1865, with the other two tokens issued in later years.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round bronze token (26 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: Crothers & Co., The Original Cash Store, Main St. Stawell, Tea Merchants, General Storekeepers. This token has been cleaned and varnished and has a brass like colour.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 26 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 5.686 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: retail trade, retailing, tea trade
Themes this item is part of: Crothers & Co., Shop Keepers, Stawell, Victoria, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: Across centre in two lines, CROTHERS / & CO. around above, TEA MERCHANTS around below, & GENERAL STOREKEEPERS
Reverse Description: Legend in five lines, THE / ORIGINAL / CASH STORE / MAIN ST. / STAWELL The number 304 in ink in the field to left of THE
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: CROTHERS & CO. TEA MERCHANTS & GENERAL STOREKEEPERS
Reverse: THE ORIGINAL CASH STORE MAIN ST. STAWELL
Shape: Round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: Crothers & Co., Stawell, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1862
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: The size of the tokens is based on the new British bronze coinage introduced in 1860. The quality of bronze available to Stokes, and therefore its colour, seems to have varied from sheet to sheet. As a result some tokens look like brass, some like bronze and others like copper. Collectors in the early Twentieth century often cleaned their tokens to get a better idea of the metal colour as Andrews gave different numbers to different metal colours. J. Sharples Dec. 2004
Bibliography:
  1. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 203
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 52
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 89

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