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Token - 1 Penny, William Andrew Jarvey, Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, circa 1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3990

Copper one Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint, circa 1860. Issued by William Andrew Jarvey, a Pawnbroker, in Hobart. William Andrew Jarvey arrived in Tasmania on 8 April 1844 and was appointed a Police Constable. In 1849 he obtained permission to marry Catherine Jane Shaw, a 25 year-old Irish convict. The following year he resigned his commission and became the Schoolmaster at the Cascades, outside Hobart. In 1854 he left the school and established himself as a Clothier and Pawnbroker in Murray Street, Hobart. He kept this business until 1862 and then attempted farming at Wattle Grove in the Huon Valley, south of Hobart, but gave up his efforts by November of that year. He then convinced the owners of the steamer Titania that he was a suitable Captain for their ship, supplying mining communities in New Zealand. In April 1864, Catherine Jarvey sold the farm and, with their five children, followed Jarvey to New Zealand. In August Jarvey beat his wife until she was unconscious. The following month he purchased some rat poison from a chemist, and according to the published versions of the trial, Catherine Jarvey was taken ill with 'fits' within a few days of the purchase. On the evening of 26 September, Jarvey administered a fatal dose of strychnine and his wife died of an epileptic fit. Jarvey was tried twice for his wife's murder and eventually found guilty, he was hanged on 25 October 1865, the first man to be hanged in Dunedin.

Previous Collections: Hon. William M.K. Vale
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the issuer: William Andrew Jarvey, Murray St. Hobart Town, pawnbroker and general clothier. It features three decorated balls hanging from a wall bracket.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 12.394 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, clothing trade, pawnbrokers, retail trade, retailing, timber
Themes this item is part of: William Andrew Jarvey, Clothier & Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania (?-1865), Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, William Mountford Kinsey Vale, Politican (1833-1895)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in five lines, the first and last curved around the rim: WILLIAM ANDREW JARVEY / PAWNBROKER / AND GENERAL / CLOTHIER / HOBART TOWN
Reverse Description: At centre three decorated balls hanging from a wall bracket around, . ONE PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE AT W.A. JARVEY'S . MURRAY STREET
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: William Jarvey - Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1855-1865
Previous Collection: Honourable William Vale
References: Petterwood, G., 'Born to hang', in Australian Coin Review, March 1994, pp.26 - 30;
McNeice, R., Coins and Tokens of Tasmania, 1803 - 1910, pp.81 - 83;
Gilkison, R., Early Days in Dunedin - Chapter V: The Jarvey Tragedy, pp.40 -53.
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 300
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 135

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